Étampes

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Location
48°26'03"N
002°09'41"E
Country
 France
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Description

Étampes (French: [etɑ̃p] (listen)) is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. It is located 48.1 km (29.9 mi) south-southwest from the center of Paris (as the crow flies). Étampes is a sub-prefecture of the Essonne department. Étampes, together with the neighboring communes of Morigny-Champigny and Brières-les-Scellés, form an urban area of 26,604 inhabitants (1999 census). This urban area is a "satellite city" of Paris.

History

Étampes (Latin: Stampae) existed at the beginning of the 7th century and in the early Middle Ages belonged to the crown domain. During the Middle Ages it was the scene of several councils, the most notable of which took place in 1130 and resulted in the recognition of Innocent II as the legitimate pope. In 1652, during the war of the Fronde it suffered severely at the hands of the royal troops under Turenne.

Geography

Étampes lies on the river Chalouette, a tributary of the Juine, which borders the eastern outskirts of the serene town.Inhabitants of Étampes are known as Étampois.

Transport

Étampes is served by two stations on Paris RER line C: Étampes and Saint-Martin-d'Étampes.

Sights

A fine view of Étampes is obtained from the Tour Guinette, a keep (now ruined) built by Louis VI in the 12th century on an eminence on the other side of the railway. Notre-Dame du Fort, the chief church, dates from the 11th and 12th centuries; irregular in plan, it is remarkable for a fine Romanesque tower and spire, and for the crenellated wall which partly surrounds it. The interior contains ancient paintings and other artistic works. St Basile (12th and 16th centuries), preserves a Romanesque doorway, and St Martin (12th and 13th centuries), has a leaning tower of the 16th century.The civil buildings offer little interest, but two houses named after Anne de Pisseleu, mistress of Francis I, and Diane de Poitiers, mistress of Henry II, are graceful examples of Renaissance architecture. In the square there is a statue of the naturalist, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, who was born in Étampes.

Monuments and tourist attractions

Hôtel Anne de Pisseleu Théâtre built by the architect Gabriel Davioud in 1851-1852, paid for by a public subscription Regional leisure park (wave pool) Sculptures created by André Deluol: Vénus anadyomène, La Terre, Le Corbeau et le Renard, Jeune fille et oiseau, Un Ange, Deux danseuses nues The "Pergola de la Douce France" is located in the gardens of the Tour Guinette in Étampes and was part of a larger composition created in 1925 for the Exposition des Arts décoratifs et industriels. It was acquired by Étampes in 1934. The work comprises four large stone blocks on which sixteen bas-reliefs have been created by various sculptors. Georges Saupique executed the reliefs "Le Saint Graal" and "L'Aurochs".

Religious edifices

Église Notre Dame du Fort Église Saint-Basile Église Saint-Martin, famous for its leaning tour Église Saint-Gilles Chapelle de Gérofosse Chapelle de Guinette

Notable Persons

Louise Abbéma (1853–1927), painter, sculptor, and designer Jean-Marc Fessard (born 1969), classical clarinetist Theobald of Étampes Jean-Victor Makengo, footballer Yacouba Sylla, footballer Bilal Ouali, footballer Michel Crépu (born 1954), writer and literary critic, winner of the 2012 Prix des Deux Magots Arnaud Beltrame, gendarme killed in the Carcassonne and Trèbes attack, 23 March 2018

Miscellaneous

The prestigious École Philippe Gaulier is located in Étampes.
This dGuide uses material from the Wikipedia,
released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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