Čadca

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Quick Summary

Location
49°26'08"N
018°47'31"E
Country
 Slovakia
Categories
  • Uncathegorised
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Description

Čadca (pronunciation ; until 1918 Čatca, Czača, Hungarian: Csaca, Polish: Czadca) is a district town in northern Slovakia, near the border with Poland and the Czech Republic.

Etymology

The name is derived from a word čad (smoke, soot; Proto-Slavic: čadъ, Slovak/Czech: čad, Polish: czad ). The form Čadca is a toponymic appellative. The name was probably motivated by the burning glades.

Geography

It is located south of the Jablunkov Pass, surrounded by the Javorníky, Kysucké Beskydy and Turzovská vrchovina mountain ranges. It lies in the valley of the Kysuca river, around 30 kilometres (19 miles) north of Žilina and is part of the historic region of Kysuce. A Goral minority lives in the surroundings.

History

The town was established in the 17th century; the first written reference dates back to 1565 as Tzaczcka. The town charter was granted in 1778.

Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the town had 24,959 inhabitants with 2.2% Czech and 0.4% Roma. The religious make-up was 82.97% Roman Catholics and 0.36% Lutherans; most of others stated no religious affiliation.

History

One of the world's largest (and last) producers of vacuum tubes, JJ Electronic has a factory in Čadca.

Transport

Čadca railway station is the town's main station. It forms part of the cross-border Žilina–Čadca–Svrčinovec zastávka–Mosty u Jablunkova railway (to the Czech Republic), and is also a junction station for two other lines, one of them also cross-border (to Poland). The station offers services to several destinations in the two cross-border countries. For the Czech Republic, there are many trains to Ostrava, Bohumin or Prague, operated by trains of the České dráhy and LEO Express companies, and to Poland, there are trains towards Zwardoń.

Notable people

Ľubomír Michalík, footballer (1983-)

Twin towns — sister cities

Čadca is twinned with: Valašské Meziříčí, Czech Republic Toruń, Poland Żywiec, Poland
This dGuide uses material from the Wikipedia,
released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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