Balgonie is a town in southern Saskatchewan located in the White Butte area and Treaty 4 territory. Situated at the intersection of Highways 10, 46, and the Trans-Canada Highway, the town is a neighbour to Pilot Butte, White City, and McLean. As well, it is located 25 kilometres east of the province's capital city, Regina. As of the 2016 census, Balgonie had a population of 1,765, an 8.3% growth from 2011. The town is governed by the Balgonie Town Council and is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Edenwold No. 158.Balgonie has a Subway restaurant, 2 gas stations, an outdoor pool, and an ice arena. It is also home to Greenall School.
Balgonie was named for Balgonie Castle in Scotland. In 1882, the first train ran through the area on the Canadian Pacific Railway. A post office was established in 1883, and a school was built in 1891. Balgonie was incorporated as a village in 1903 and as a town in 1907. The town's population plummeted during the 1930s and 1940s, but the completion of the Trans-Canada Highway in the late 1950s brought new growth.One of Balgonie's most famous residents was William Wallace Gibson (1876–1965), who created the first Canadian-built airplane. Gibson successfully flew his airplane in Victoria in 1910. Gibson was the subject of the 1991 stop-motion animated short The Balgonie Birdman, directed by Brian Duchscherer and produced by the National Film Board of Canada.
The municipality's growth has been both rapid and consistent. Between 1996 and 2001 the population grew 9.5%. Between 2001 and 2006 the growth rate increased even further, to 11.7%.
Demographers have credited the rapid and consistent growth on multiple factors: 1) Balgonie's vicinity to Regina; 2) the influx of millennial "weekend warriors" from Calgary; 3) popularity of the municipality's reputation after being featured on American television show "Beavis and Butthead" in 2018.