Brackenheim

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Location
49°04'59"N
009°04'00"E
Country
 Germany
Categories
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  • Historical
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Description

Brackenheim (German pronunciation: [ˈbʁakŋ̍ˌhaɪ̯m] (listen)) is a town in the Landkreis Heilbronn in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is 15 kilometres (9 mi) southwest of Heilbronn. With 826 hectares (2,040 acres) of vineyards, it is the biggest grape-growing municipality of Württemberg.

Geography

Geographical position

Brackenheim is situated on the river Zaber in the Zabergäu in southwestern district of Heilbronn, in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The landscape is characterized by extensive vineyards.

Neighbouring municipalities

Neighbouring towns and municipalities (clockwise): Cleebronn, Güglingen, Eppingen, Schwaigern, Nordheim, Lauffen (Neckar) (all district of Heilbronn), Kirchheim (Neckar) and Bönnigheim (both Ludwigsburg (district)).

Town structure

Apart from Brackenheim itself, it consists of the following: Botenheim Dürrenzimmern Hausen an der Zaber Haberschlacht Meimsheim Neipperg Stockheim.

History

The communal land of Brackenheim has been settled for 5,000-6,000 years. Botenheim and Meimsheim were mentioned in the 12th century; Brackenheim was mentioned in 1246. Brackenheim received its town rights by King Rudolf I. von Habsburg in 1280. After a big fire in 1691 burning down 112 houses, the town had to be rebuilt in many places. Owing to the communal reform from 1971 to 1974, the previous independent communities now representing districts were incorporated. The active construction of building has filled in the spaces previously between the districts and led to a huge increase of the population in Brackenheim. During 1995-2004 the town increased by about 2,700 inhabitants.

Religions

Brackenheim is the seat of Church District Brackenheim (deanery) of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Württemberg. In Brackenheim, Botenheim, Dürrenzimmern, Hausen, Meimsheim and Neipperg there are separate parishes of each of these districts. In Stockheim there is the Catholic Parish St. Ulrich, which also contains Haberschlacht and a district of Eppingen called Kleingartach. Neipperg belongs to the Parish St. Martinus in Schwaigern, the parish of Brackenheim contains the remaining districts. Both a free church and a Methodistic church is represented.

Politics

Local council

Elections in May 2014:

Arms

In red a silver hound with a black collar. The municipality colours are white and red. Even the oldest preserved seal of the 13th century shows a hound. In the course of the centuries, the dog was employed in different positions - standing, striding, jumping and so on - and with different extras like a collar or a necklace. In 1953, the arms were laid down in the current form by the district council.

Town twinnings

1962: The contemporary district Neipperg concluded a partnership with the French municipality Marsan (département Gers). 1978: Brackenheim concluded a partnership with the French town Charnay-lés-Mâcon (département Saône-et-Loire). 1996: The town concluded a further partnership with the Italian municipality Castagnole delle Lanze (Province Asti). 2001: The town concluded a friendship treaty with the Polish municipality Zbrosławice (Voivodship Upper Silesia).Besides there are friendly relationships with Le Lude (France) and Port Talbot (Wales).

Culture and sights

By the chapel in the castle, the association Kulturforum Brackenheim e. V. has its own scene with 200 seats for its disposal since 1994. It's employed to show concert, cabaret and theatre games.

Museums

The 1968 created urban Theodor-Heuss-Museum shows the life of Theodor Heuss, the considerable son of this town. There are also native country museums in Brackenheim and its district Botenheim.

Buildings

At the graveyard of Brackenheim stands the first parish church, today's Protestant Johanniskirche, a Romance church with Gothic choir contenting wall drawings of the 13th and 14th centuries. During the reformation the onetime Gothic Jakobus Chapel was held up to the town church, founded about 1200. The Brackenheim Castle in the south of the old part of town was built 1556–59 instead of an old castle. After a fire, parts of the castle were rebuilt in 1677–85. In Botenheim there are the Gothic Marienkirche built 1350 and the Gülthaus of 1605. Dürrenzimmern shows its church of the 12th century and the onetime town hall of 1731. Apart from that there are many churches in the districts of Brackenheim, emphasizing the Stocksberg Castle of the 16th century near Stockheim.

Protection of nature

In Brackenheim there are the nature reserves Zaberauen (near Botenheim) and Haberschlachter Tal (near Dürrenzimmern and Haberschlacht).

Economy and infrastructure

Grape-growing began in Brackenheim in the 14th century. Today (2008), Brackenheim is the largest grape-growing municipality of Württemberg, with many varieties being grown on 826 hectares (2,040 acres). Apart from three wine-cellars having 1,200 members there are more than 30 self-marketers taking care of their wine marketing for themselves.

Traffic

There are connections to the long-distance traffic in Lauffen (Neckar) (B27) and Schwaigern (B293). Public transport is ensured by buses. There are connections to the rail network in Lauffen (Neckar) and Schwaigern, too.

Institutions and court

In the urban hospital built in the 1960s there are 130 beds and 240 employees. The district court of Brackenheim with one judge is one of the smallest in Baden-Württemberg. Brackenheim also has a swim hall.

Education

The Theodor-Heuss-Schule is an elementary and secondary school. There are elementary schools in Botenheim, Dürrenzimmern, Hausen an der Zaber, Meimsheim, Neipperg and Stockheim as well. The Zabergäu-Gymnasium Brackenheim (grammar school) is visited by nearly 1,000 students from all over the Zabergäu. The urban library having more than 13,000 media is open to the public.

Sons and daughters of the city

Henry Miller (rancher) (1827-1916), a German-American cattle breeder Theodor Heuss (1884-1963), politician (DDP, FDP), Bundespräsident, Member of Reichstag, Member of Bundestag, honorary citizen of Brackenheim Frank Höfle (born 1967), several times Paralympics winner Markus Beierle (born 1972), soccer player Marjan Petković (born 1979), footballer
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