Bruckenthal

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Quick Summary

Location
50°19'33"N
023°52'42"E
Country
 Ukraine
Categories
  • Uncathegorised
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Description

Bruckenthal (Ukrainian: Брукента́ль, romanized: Brekental) was a village (a colony) located in what is now Sokal Raion, Lviv Oblast, of Western Ukraine. The village was established in the course of the Josephine colonization by German Catholic settlers in 1786.In the interwar period the village belonged to Poland, and was a seat of gmina (a municipality) including several other villages. In January 1940 the majority of the inhabitants moved out (Heim ins Reich). The empty houses were taken over mostly by local Poles. In the late March 1944 the village was razed by Ukrainian Auxiliary Police and Ukrainian Insurgent Army, killing over 200 people.

Refugees

From the early 1910s, regional unrest led to numerous residents leaving for Germany and America, often to the upper American Midwest, joining other Germans from Russia in the "German Triangle" of the central Dakotas. Others were not so lucky, and ended up as refugees during WWII. Afterwards, letters and money were sent between relatives on the west and eastern side of the iron curtain, but by the 1970s communication ceased, possibly due to Russian integration of cultural Germans.
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