Central South University

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112°55'30"E
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Description

Central South University (CSU) (Chinese: 中南大学; pinyin: Zhōngnán dàxué) is a national university of China located in Changsha, Hunan, central south of China. CSU was established in April 2000 through the amalgamation of three universities, and is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.

History

CSU was established by approval of the State Council on April 29, 2000 by merging three separate universities: Hunan Medical University (HMU), Changsha Railway University (CRU), and Central South University of Technology (CSUT). HMU, formerly under the administration of the Ministry of Health, dates back to 1914 when Xiangya Medical College was founded through the joint efforts of Hunan Yuqun Society and the Yale-China Association. CRU, which was one of the universities under the administration of the Ministry of Railways, initially restructured in 1953 as Central South College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, was established in 1960 based on some of its predecessor’s departments, teaching and research divisions. CSUT, which was one of universities under the administration of the Ministry of Education, was originally named Central South Institute of Mining and Metallurgy in 1952 when a nationwide restructuring of institutes of higher education began. It incorporated departments of mining and metallurgy from six universities, including Wuhan University, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangxi University, Hunan University, Nanchang University and Beijing Institute of Technology.

Academics

Central South University (CSU) is a national key university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education of China, and a member of both Project 211 and Project 985, two national key construction projects to support the development of top Chinese universities. CSU covers an area of 392.4 hectares, with campuses located across the Xiang River at the foot of the Yuelu Hill, closed to its neighbor, Hunan University. CSU offers 83 bachelor's degrees, 282 master's degrees and 142 doctorate degrees from these 31 colleges and institutes and a graduate school: Literature and Journalism Foreign Languages Architecture and Art Business School Law School Marxism Public Administration Mathematics and Statistics Physics and Electronics Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Energy Science and Engineering Material Science and Engineering Powder Metallurgy Research Institute Traffic and Transportation Engineering Civil Engineering Metallurgy and Environment Geoscience and Environmental Engineering Info-physics and Geomatics Engineering Resources and Safety Engineering Minerals Processing and Bioengineering Information Science and Engineering Xiang-ya School of Medicine Pharmaceutical Sciences Public Health Basic Medical Sciences Stomatology School of Life Sciences Research Department of Physical Education School of Aeronautics and Astronautics Aier School of Ophthalmology

Faculties and students

More than 33,000 full-time undergraduates and 12,000 graduate students attend Central South University. Of the total number attending CSU, approximately 1,000 are foreign students from around the world. The faculty-student ratio is about 1:8.

Facilities

CSU covers an area of 3,810,000 square meters and has the total floor space of 2,330,000 square meters. The library of CSU have a collection of more than 4,390,000 volumes. CSU has six campuses: Main campus: dormitories and academic buildings for junior undergraduates and postgraduates of most engineering schools, two state key laboratories, as well as office buildings. South campus: dormitories for all freshman and postgraduates of all humanities schools, as well as office buildings. New campus: academic buildings for all freshman and all humanities and science postgraduates, as well as office and library buildings. Xiangya School of Medicine (New campus): dormitories and academic buildings for medical postgraduates, with Xiangya Hospital and the State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China. Xiangya School of Medicine (Old campus): dormitories and academic buildings for medical undergraduates, with Third Xiangya Hospital and medical library. Railway campus: dormitories and academic buildings for junior undergraduates and postgraduates of civil engineering, traffic engineering, software engineering, and architecture, as well as office and library buildings.

Notable alumni

Academics

Huang Boyun, powder metallurgist, academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, former President of the Central South University. Jin Zhanpeng, materials scientist, academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Wang Dianzuo, mineral engineering scientist, academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering,former President of Central South University of Technology (now merged into the Central South university). Chen Zhiwu, Professor of Finance at Yale School of Management and an influential public intellectual in China.

Politics and Public Service

Guo Shengkun, member of Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party, Central Secretariat secretary, Secretary of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of China. Lu Zhangong, Vice Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, former Communist Party Secretary of Fujian and Henan provinces. Zhao Lijian, Deputy Director of Foreign Ministry Information Department of the People's Republic of China, Foreign Ministry Spokesperson of the People's Republic of China.

Business and entrepreneurship

Wang Chuanfu, Founder and CEO of BYD. Liang Wengen, Founder and Chairman of Sany Group.
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