Chrudim (Czech pronunciation: [ˈxruɟɪm]) is a town in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 23,000 inhabitants. It is the second largest town of the region.
The oldest archeological findings which provide first signs of the settlement in this area date back to the 5th millennium BC. Various cultures succeeded one on another in the territory of today's town of Chrudim and its vicinity. Chrudim town was established before 1276 and soon after came to be a dowry town of Bohemian Queens.
Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the Chrudim District, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.During the reign of Maria Theresa (1740–1780) Chrudim became the centre of the region and, in 1751, the seat of regional offices. The 18th and especially the 19th centuries brought vigorous development. The medieval ground plan of the historical heart of the town and its suburbs were no longer able to meet the growing requirements. The population reached 13,000 inhabitants at the end of the 19th century. The first industrial factory, with its foundry and forge, and a shoe factory launched industrial development. Social life also greatly expanded in the second half of the 19th century. The number of schools, cultural and social events led Chrudim to be known as "Athens of Eastern Bohemia".
Viktorin Kornel of Všehrdy (c. 1460–1520), humanist, lawyer and writer
Johann Andreas Kauchlitz Colizzi (c. 1742–1808), musician and conductor
Jan Nepomuk Štěpánek (1783–1844), actor and theatre director
Josef Ressel (1793–1857), inventor; a gymnasium in Chrudim is named after him
Adrienne von Pötting (1856–1909), Austrian painter
Kurt Freund (1914–1996), Czech-Canadian physician and sexologist
Dagmar Pecková (born 1961), operatic mezzo-soprano
Dušan Salfický (born 1972), ice hockey player
Jiří Magál (born 1977), cross-country skier
Petr Průcha (born 1982), ice hockey player