Commerson Crater

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Quick Summary

Location
21°12'28"S
055°37'58"E
Country
 France
Categories
  • Uncathegorised
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Description

Commerson Crater is a caldera in the mountains of Réunion, an overseas department of France. Located in the municipal territory of Saint-Joseph, it is part of the Piton de la Fournaise, a shield volcano on the eastern end of Réunion Island, but is located outside of the Enclos Fouqué, the volcano's most recent caldera. The caldera was named in honor of Philibert Commerson, a French explorer.

Climate

Due to its elevated position, Commerson Crater receives considerable amounts of rainfall, especially during tropical storms. During Cyclone Hyacinthe in January 1980, it received 6,433 millimetres (253.3 in) of rainfall in 15 days, the most precipitation dropped by a tropical cyclone in a single location. The second greatest amount of rainfall in a single tropical cyclone also occurred in Commerson Crater, when Cyclone Gamede dropped 5,512 millimetres (217.0 in) of rain in 2007. Nowhere else has received even 3,500 millimetres (137.8 in) of rainfall from a single tropical cyclone.
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