Darkovice

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Quick Summary

Location
49°55'59"N
018°13'59"E
Country
 Czech Republic
Categories
  • Uncathegorised
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Description

Darkovice (German: Gross Darkowitz) is a municipality and village in Opava District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,400 inhabitants. It is a part of historic Hlučín Region.

History

Village history starts in the 13th century when the Czech king made a present to the Cistercian monastery in Velehrad. By this act on 18 December 1250 the small village became a property of the monastery. This is the first written mention of the existence of Darkovice. Soon there appeared a new village near Darkovice, called Žibřidovice and between them the oldest pond with a mill in the county of Opava. Unfortunately, after the death of the King Ottokar II of Bohemia, the whole situation in the Czech Kingdom changed. During the war Žibřidovice ceased to exist and the number of inhabitants in Darkovice dropped rapidly. The situation did not change until the Opavian duke Nicholas II named a king's delegate, Prešek, to rebuild Darkovice. Colonization followed and Prešek managed to settle 14 fields with new inhabitants. He received two fields as a reward. Darkovice was placed under the administration of the castle Landek and had to pay an annual fee. Then another Opavian duke Kazimír Těšínský attached Darkovice to Hlučín. However, the sons of Štěpán of Vrbno split this heritage in 1568. By this act, the village became a part of the possession of Karel of Vrbno.

17th–19th century

Against the wishes of Opavian dukes Darkovice was given to Jesuits in Opava in 1673. Their task was to perform violent recatholization. During this time 27 persons lived in servitude; of these 21 were peasants and one was an independent miller. A pond and farm belonged to the Jesuits. They overburdened the peasants and the result was a series of rebellions in 1734. The village shared troubles with Šilheřovice possession from the 17th century. The Šilheřovice county, as well as Darkovice, were associated to Prussia in 1742 and the servitude was abolished in 1823 (25 years earlier than in the rest of the Czech Kingdom). This event was celebrated by building a chapel. Even though the village belonged to Jesuits for a long time, the school was not founded until 1867.

20th century

After affixing to ČSR, the area of the village was 514 ha. It had 989 inhabitants, 148 houses, three pubs and two shops. From 1979 to 1991 the village was annexed to Hlučín, but from 1991 Darkovice has been independent again. There are now 1235 inhabitants.

Twin towns – sister cities

Darkovice is twinned with: Lyski, Poland
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