Donglin Temple (Shanghai)

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Quick Summary

Location
30°53'47"N
121°09'38"E
Country
 China
Categories
  • Monuments
  • Sacral
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Description

The Donglin Temple (Chinese: 東林寺; pinyin: Dōnglínsì; lit. 'East Wood Temple') is a Buddhist temple located in the town of Zhujing, Jinshan District, Shanghai, China. It is dedicated to Guan Yin, the bodhisattva of compassion.

History

The temple was first constructed during the Yuan Dynasty in 1308, but has been destroyed repeatedly by war, fire, neglect, and to make way for reconstruction. The only remaining historical building on the site (a hall) was listed as a city-level protected cultural site in 1987. The temple was complete redesigned and rebuilt in the years 2004 to 2007.

Architectural layout

As of 2010, the temple has occupied a 20-hectare site. The main entrance gate of the complex is reached via three parallel bridges. The central feature of the temple's courtyard is a 5.4-meter-tall statue of Sudhana, the Child of Wealth (Chinese: 善財童子; pinyin: Shàncáitóngzǐ), decorated with Cloisonné enamel. The statue is surrounded by 8 copper fish with opened mouth into which visitors can toss coins. In the back of the courtyard lies, the main building of the temple, the Hall of Guanyin. The hall's exterior mimics a large red natural cliff. The entrance gate to the building is about 20 meters high and 10 meters wide. Its bronze doors are decorated with 999 relief images of Buddha. The hall is 31 meters wide, 42 meters deep, and 31 meters high and houses a gilded statue of the thousand-armed Guanyin. The statue is 27 meters tall and stands on a 2-meter-high lotus base. Its arms are up to 5 meters in length.
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