Dyrøy (Northern Sami: Divrráid suohkan) is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Brøstadbotn. Other villages include Dyrøyhamn, Espenes, Holm, and Hundstrand.
The 289-square-kilometre (112 sq mi) municipality is the 270th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Dyrøy is the 329th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,083. The municipality's population density is 3.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (10/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 12.2% over the last decade.The municipality is named after the island of Dyrøya, which is connected with the mainland with the modern Dyrøy Bridge. Most people, however, don't live on the island, but live in Brøstadbotn on the mainland.
The municipality of Dyrøy was established on 1 September 1886, when it was separated from the municipality of Tranøy. The initial population of Dyrøy was 1,281. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the parts of Tranøy Municipality located on the mainland (population: 382) were transferred to Dyrøy.On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the newly formed Troms og Finnmark county. Previously, it had been part of the old Troms county.
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the island of Dyrøya (Old Norse: Dýrøy), since the first Dyrøy Church was built there. The first element is dýr which means "deer" (specifically reindeer) and the last element is øy which means "island". Prior to 1909, the name was written Dyrø.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 4 April 1986. The blue arms show a white fox, specifically a so-called platinum-fox, a typical type of the silver polar fox. This type of fox is first bred in the area around Dyrøy and was first shown in 1933.
The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Dyrøy. It is part of the Senja prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.
The municipality is located on the island of Dyrøya and the mainland area to the east, with the Dyrøy Bridge connecting the island to the mainland. The Vågsfjorden, Tranøyfjorden, and Solbergfjorden flow along the western and northern border of the municipality.
The municipality is mountainous with a narrow beach area along the coast. On the mainland, the Bjørkebakkdalen valley leads south from the municipal center Brøstadbotn. The municipality has several peaks over 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), the highest being the 1,237-metre (4,058 ft) tall Løksetind on the border with Salangen in the south.
All municipalities in Norway, including Dyrøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Senja District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.
The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Dyrøy is made up of 15 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows: