First Belgrade Gymnasium is a grammar school with a long tradition, founded in 1839, in Belgrade (Serbia). Since 1938 it is located in the center of Belgrade, in 61 Cara Dušana Street, the place where once Vidin Gate stood, through which people could enter Belgrade. The Church of St. Alexander Nevsky is located near the school.
In October 1838, Kragujevac was Serbia's capital. But despite Kragujevac being the cultural center of Serbia at the time, Miloš Obrenović ordered for First Belgrade Gymnasium (grammar school) to be founded in Belgrade, in an area called Dorćol (Dort-yol). The school was founded on 18 June 1839. At that time, it was located in Jug Bogdan's Street number 26, which was the residence of Nikola Selaković. At the very beginning, the school had only 2 grades, but through the next 4 years, the school's system greatly upgraded so at the end, it had 5 grades. In the 1842–43 school year, it could be said that the school actually became a real gymnasium.
The first school professors were Vasilije Berara and Mihajlo Popović, and the school's headmaster was Mihajlo Popović. According to law from 1844, thanks to Jovan Sterija Popović, teachings and classes in the school were reformed, so that the 6th grade was actually added to the school's system. With this addition, First Belgrade Gymnasium receives the same status like other European higher class schools. That year, the school got its first school library and first school books.
Aleksandar Belić, linguist
Aleksandar Deroko, architect
Boris Tadić, former President of Serbia
Branislav Petronijević, philosopher
Dragutin Dimitrijević Apis, military officer, member of the Black Hand organisation
Gavrilo Princip, revolutionary
Jovan Cvijić, founder of geographic sciences in Serbia
Jovan Skerlić, writer
Ljubomir Stojanović, philologist
Mihajlo Petrović Alas, mathematician and inventor
Milan Stojadinović, Prime Minister of Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Sima Lozanić, chemist and university rector
Slobodan Jovanović, Prime Minister of the Royal Yugoslav government-in-exile
Vojvoda Stepa Stepanović, World War I Field Marshal
Stojan Novaković, scholar, Prime Minister of Kingdom of Serbia
Velibor Vasović, footballer
Veselin Čajkanović, classicist
Vuk Jeremić, former president of United Nations General Assembly
Vojvoda Živojin Mišić, World War I Field Marshal