Fulnek

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Location
49°42'45"N
017°54'11"E
Country
 Czech Republic
Categories
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Description

Fulnek (Czech pronunciation: [ˈfulnɛk]) is a town in the Nový Jičín District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,600 inhabitants. It lies 29 km south from Opava and 40 km west from Ostrava.

History

The town was created in the time of the big colonisation of northeast Moravia and located near the well known Amber Road, important trading route connecting Mediterranean areas with Baltic sea coasts. Through years Fulnek was a manor owned by several noble families. During a period of prosperity, acting of members of Unity of the Brethren provided high development of education. A very important representative was John Amos Comenius, who has spent there three most beautiful years of his life – as he said himself. After the defeat of Bohemian Revolt (in 1621) he had to escape from the town.Until 1918, Fulnek was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the Neutitschein – Nový Jičín District, one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia.In 1938, it was occupied by the Nazi Germany as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland. The German-speaking population was expelled in 1945 (see the Beneš decrees) and replaced by Czech settlers.

Sights

Fulnek Castle Holy Trinity Church Plague Column Memorial of J. A. Comenius and Museum of Nový Jičín Region Augustinian monastery

Sport

Local football club Fotbal Fulnek plays in lower amateur tiers.

Notable people

John Amos Comenius (1592–1670), philosopher, pedagogue and theologian, considered as the father of modern education Anna Nitschmann (1715–1760), Moravian missionary and poet Ignác Raab (1715–1787), painter Johann Joseph Thalherr (1730–1807), Austrian architect Johann Leopold von Hay (1735–1794), Bishop of Hradec Králové Leopold Ritter von Dittel (1815–1898), Austrian urologist August Gödrich (1859–1942), German racing cyclist Arthur Grünberger (1882–1935), Austrian architect and painter Franz Konwitschny (1901–1962), German conductor and violist Petra Kvitová (born 1990), tennis player, 2011 and 2014 Wimbledon champion; raised here

Twin towns – sister cities

Fulnek is twinned with:
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