Gjøvik

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Location
60°47'36"N
010°41'42"E
Country
 Norway
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Description

Gjøvik is a town and a municipality in Innlandet (formerly Oppland) county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Gjøvik. In 1861, the village of Gjøvik in the municipality of Vardal was granted town status and was separated from Vardal to form a separate municipality. On 1 January 1964, the neighboring rural municipalities of Biri, Snertingdal, and Vardal were all merged into the municipality of Gjøvik.

Etymology

The town is named after the old Gjøvik farm (Old Norse: Djúpvík), consisting of the elements djúpr "deep" and vík "inlet".

Coat of arms

The coat of arms were granted on 2 September 1960. The arms show a white swan (Cygnus cygnus). The former coat of arms, adopted in 1922, was a linden tree, with the statement Vis et voluntas (meaning "Force and will") on the lower part of the shield. The following design was a so-called "potpourri" vase, the most significant design of the glassworks that was the funding industry of the town.

Demographics

Geography

Along with Hamar, Lillehammer, Brumunddal and Moelv, Gjøvik is one of the many towns bordering Norway's biggest lake, Mjøsa. The town administration of Gjøvik also covers the suburb area Hunndalen and the rural districts of Biri, Snertingdal, and Vardal. The municipal population is 28,807 (2010). About 16,000 people live in the urban area proper. Gjøvik is bordered on the north by Lillehammer municipality, in the south by Østre Toten and Vestre Toten, and in the west by Søndre Land and Nordre Land. Across Lake Mjøsa to the east lies Ringsaker municipality in Hedmark. The highest point is Ringsrudåsen with a height of 842 metres (2,762 ft).

Economy

Gjøvik owes much of its early growth to the local glassworks, which were established there by Caspar Kauffeldt in 1807. In the early 19th century, there was considerable immigration there from Valdres and Western Norway, aiding Gjøvik's growth. It was granted a town charter in 1861. Later, O. Mustad & Son became one of the world's largest manufacturers of fish hooks.Today Hoff Potetindustrier, Hunton Fiber and Natre Vinduer are some of the industrial companies operating from Gjøvik. The town is also a port for the former traffic ship, Skibladner, which is now a tourist ship. The local paper is the Oppland Arbeiderblad. It was formerly a Labour Party newspaper. Defunct newspapers include Oplændingen and Velgeren (Labour Democrat/Liberal), Samhold (Liberal, later Agrarian) and Ny Dag (Communist). Gjøvik has two notable hotels, the Grand hotel and the Strand hotel. There have been three notable concerts held in Gjøvik's history, which starred Toto, Robbie Williams and Bryan Adams (June 2011).

Gjøvik Church

Gjøvik Church (Gjøvik kirke) was designed by architect Jacob Wilhelm Nordan. The wooden structure was built between 1881-82. Both the church buildings and fixtures are designed in Gothic Revival architecture. The exterior of the church has contrasting colors on wall surfaces and bearing structures. The altarpiece was painted by artist, Asta Nørregaard. The churchyard has a monument dedicated to the memory of Lutheran missionary, Paul Olaf Bodding. The church was restored during 1927, 1960, 2004-2005 and in 2009.

Attractions

The world’s largest arena excavated in rock, called Gjøvik Olympic Hall (Norwegian: Fjellhallen), is located in Gjøvik. It was one of the sites of the Lillehammer Winter Olympics ice hockey games in 1994. Gjøvik farm Gjøvik glassworks Eiktunet cultural-history museum The world's oldest paddle steamer still on a regular schedule, the PS Skibladner Biri Travbane

Notable people from Gjøvik

Public Service & public thinking

Anders Lysgaard (1756–1827) farmer and rep. at the Norwegian Constituent Assembly Hans Schikkelstad (1789–1843) farmer and politician; founded O. Mustad & Søn Balthazar Mathias Keilhau (1797–1858) a Norwegian geologist and mountain pioneer Hans Mustad (1837–1918) Norwegian businessperson, shaped the company O. Mustad & Son Johan Castberg (1862–1926) jurist and politician in Gjøvik 1890-1900 Paul Olaf Bodding (1865–1938), missionary to India, monument at Gjøvik church Ole Evinrude (1877–1934) a Norwegian-American, invented the first practical outboard motor Niels Ødegaard (1892–1976) an educator, newspaper editor and politician Harold Harby (1894–1978), City Council member, Los Angeles, California Arne Austeen DFC (1911–1945) a Norwegian flying ace, killed in WWII Ragnhild A. Lothe (born 1958) a microbiologist and cancer researcher Hans Olav Lahlum (born 1973) an historian, crime author, chess player and politician

The Arts

Finn Lange (1895–1976) a Norwegian actor Georg Adelly (1919–1997) a Swedish film actor Torbjørn Sunde (born 1954) a jazz trombonist and former speed-skater Kjell Ola Dahl (born 1958), author of Nordic noir crime novels Per A. Borglund (born 1961) a Norwegian newspaper and magazine editor Per Elvestuen (born 1962) a Norwegian illustrator. Mai Britt Normann (born 1966) a Norwegian singer-songwriter Eirik Hegdal (bornr 1973) a jazz saxophonist, composer & leader of Trondheim Jazz Orchestra Ali Pirzad-Amoli (born 1988) stage name A-Lee pop singer-songwriter and rapper Anna Lotterud (born 1989) stage name Anna of the North, singer-songwriter Nora Foss al-Jabri (born 1996) singer, participant in the Norwegian 2012 Eurovision Song Contest

Sport

Guttorm Berge (1929–2004) an Alpine skier, bronze medalist at the 1952 Winter Olympics Roger Aandalen (born 1965) a Norwegian boccia player, paralympic medallist Bente Nordby (born 1974) a former football goalkeeper, 172 caps with Norway women Else-Marthe Sørlie Lybekk (born 1978) a retired team handball player, Olympic medallist Gro Hammerseng (born 1980), handball player, captain of the Norwegian national team Ingvild Flugstad Østberg (born 1990) cross-country skier, silver and team gold medallist at the 2014 Winter Olympics Maren Lundby (born 1994) successful ski jumper, gold medallist at the 2018 Winter Olympics

Twin towns – sister cities

Gjøvik is twinned with: Gävle, Sweden Næstved, Denmark Rauma, Finland Stoughton, United States
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