Gmina Gdów is a rural gmina (administrative district) in Wieliczka County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland. Its seat is the village of Gdów, which lies approximately 14 kilometres (9 mi) south-east of Wieliczka and 26 km (16 mi) south-east of the regional capital Kraków.
The gmina covers an area of 108 square kilometres (41.7 sq mi), and as of 2006 its total population is 16,340.
Gmina Gdów is bordered by the gminas of Bochnia, Dobczyce, Łapanów, Niepołomice, Raciechowice and Wieliczka.
The gmina contains the following villages having the status of sołectwo: Bilczyce, Cichawa, Czyżów, Fałkowice, Gdów, Hucisko, Jaroszówka, Klęczana, Krakuszowice, Książnice, Kunice, Liplas, Marszowice, Niegowić, Niewiarów, Nieznanowice, Niżowa, Pierzchów, Podolany, Stryszowa, Świątniki Dolne, Szczytniki, Wiatowice, Wieniec, Winiary, Zagórzany, Zalesiany, Zborczyce and Zręczyce.