Havířov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦaviːr̝of] (listen); Polish: Hawierzów) is a city in the Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 70,000 inhabitants, making it the second-largest city in the region. Havířov lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
Havířov was founded after World War II (thus being the youngest city in today's Czech Republic) as a coal mining town. Havířov officially became a town in 1955. It was built on top of several villages with significant Polish populations. The local people were given apartments in the newly built city, and most of their old houses were demolished to make room for new urban buildings. The majority of the population of Havířov emigrated from other parts of Czechoslovakia, many of them from Slovakia, as migrant workers, thus substantially altering the ethnic structure of the area. Today, the original villages are administrative parts of the city and mostly lie on the outskirts of urban Havířov.
The city is made up of eight administrative parts:
In 1975–1990, Horní Suchá, now a separate municipality, was a part of Havířov.
In a competition to name the city in 1956, various names were suggested, such as Stalin, Gottwaldův Horníkov (after Klement Gottwald), Zápotockýgrad (after Antonín Zápotocký) and "Čestprácov" (derived from the Socialist-era greeting čest práci). Eventually it was decided that the city should be named Havířov, from havíř, "miner", and the possessive suffix -ov.
The first written mention of settlements in today's Havířov area is from 1305 (Horní Suchá and Dolní Suchá). Bludovice was first mentioned in 1335 and Šumbark in 1438.
Havířov was founded after the World War II to restore hard coal mining in the region. Building of first housing estates for miners and theirs families began in 1947.Most of the buildings of the new city were built in the style of Socialist Realism.
The city's football club, MFK Havířov, competes in the Czech Fourth Division. In the past, the team appeared for several seasons in Czech 2. Liga. Football club MFK Havířov was founded in 1922. MFK Havířov entered into a contract with sports brand JOMA for four years. MFK Havířov has two pitches and one artificial pitch. They have nickname which is "indians" according to American bikers. Their matches are played on pitches in Prostřední Suchá.
The ice hockey club AZ Havířov appears in the 1st Czech Republic Hockey League, the second-tier league of ice hockey in the country.
RC Havířov competes in the highest division of rugby in the Czech Republic, the KB Extraliga.
Havířov hosted the prologue and the third stage, both an individual time trial, of the 2012 and 2013 Gracia-Orlová.