Horní Lomná

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 Czech Republic
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Horní Lomná (Polish: Łomna Górna, Cieszyn Silesian: Górno Łómna or Górno Łómno) is a village in Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic, close to the borders with Poland and Slovakia. It has 394 inhabitants (2001 census), 28.5% of the population are ethnic Poles and 83.7% are Roman Catholics. The village lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia. It is situated on the foothills of the Moravian-Silesian Beskids mountain range. Lomná River flows through the village. The name of the village is of topographic origin borrowed from an older name of the Lomna river (mentioned in 1592 as Lomny), which itself is derived from the words łom (clatter, rumble, susurrus) or załom (turn, bend).


The settlement on the territory of the village in the Lomna river valley in Moravian-Silesian Beskids began in the middle of the 17th century. The village was first mentioned in 1684 as Lomna. It belonged then to the Duchy of Teschen, a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia and a part of the Habsburg Monarchy. After Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire a modern municipal division was introduced in the re-established Austrian Silesia. Lomna as a single municipality was subscribed to the political district of Cieszyn and the legal district of Jablunkov. In 1873 two separate settlements (German: Ortshaften) were recognised: Dolní Lomná (as Dolny Lomna) and Horní Lomná as (Wrchny Lomna). They were divided into two separate municipalities on 1 January 1890. According to the censuses conducted in 1890, 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality grew from 524 in 1890 to 624 in 1910. In 1910 the majority of the inhabitants were native Polish-speakers (97.9%) accompanied by a Czech-speaking minority (11 or 1.8%) and German-speakers (2 people). In terms of religion in 1910 the majority were Roman Catholics (95.5%), followed by Protestants (28 or 4.5%). The village was also traditionally inhabited by Silesian Gorals, speaking Jablunkov dialect. A local Catholic church was consecrated in 1896. After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, it became a part of Czechoslovakia. Following the Munich Agreement, in October 1938 together with the Zaolzie region it was annexed by Poland, administratively adjoined to Cieszyn County of Silesian Voivodeship. It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Czechoslovakia. From 1975 to 1990 the village was administratively a part of Jablunkov.
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