Jastrzębie-Zdrój ([jasˈtʂɛmbʲɛ ˈzdruj] (listen); German: Bad Königsdorff-Jastrzemb, originally Jastrzemb, Silesian: Jastrzymbie-Zdrōj) is a city in south Poland with 89,128 inhabitants (2018). Its name comes from the Polish words jastrząb ("hawk") and zdrój ("spa" or "spring"). Until the 20th century it was a spa village situated in Upper Silesia. It was granted city rights in 1963. Jastrzębie-Zdrój is currently situated in the Silesian Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Katowice Voivodeship (1975–1998). In the early 1980s, the city was one of main centers of workers' protests, which resulted in creation of Solidarity (see: Jastrzebie-Zdroj 1980 strikes).
The first written documentation, relating to this area, date back to around 1305 (Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis). Administratively, the town is made up of several old settlements, whose origins go back to the distant past. The original name of the town was Jastrzemb. The name's origin, means hawk in Polish language and is connected with the legend of the black knight. Since the XVI to the beginning of the XIX century part of Wodzisław state country. Between 1858–1860, trial excavations of hard coal were performed all over the area of Jastrzębie Dolne. These excavations ended up discovering springs containing iodine and bromine brine solutions. In 1860, the count of Königsdorff acquired the lands and suggested the construction of bath facilities. Thus, in 1862, the health resort of Bad Königsdorff-Jastrzemb was brought into life. Shortly after, the town joined the exclusive circle of the most prestigious health resorts in Europe.
In 1895, the natural health centre was taken over by a Polish doctor, Mikołaj Witczak, who lent great service to the development of health-resort in Bad Königsdorff-Jastrzemb. His managerial skills together with wise investment made Jastrzębie-Zdrój a highly appreciated and fashionable health resort inside the German Empire and the interbellum Poland. Consequently, numerous health facilities were then set up.
The history of Jastrzębie-Zdrój as a health resort came to its end in the 1960s, when all over the area began the intensive exploitation of coking coal deposits. Within a period of 12 years, five coal mines were set up. Between 1954–1975, Jastrzębie was part of the Wodzisław County. During the time of political transformation in Poland, Jastrzębie-Zdrój went down the annals of Polish modern history as the place where the so-called "the Jastrzębskie Agreement" was concluded. The signing of the protocol initiated the process of political, economic and social changes in Poland.
Population and location
The city itself had 91,723 inhabitants; its density is 1,047.9 per km² (as of January 31, 2012). Jastrzębie-Zdrój ranks as Poland's 36th largest city. Jastrzębie-Zdrój's unemployment rate is lower (7%) than the national average of 8.8% (as of November 2010).
Jastrzębie-Zdrój is a powiat (county) divided into 15 districts and 6 sołectwos that have its own administrative body. Most of the districts are suburban, some are densely built with many blocks of flats generating huge housing estates, and the rest are of civic nature.
Arki Bożka (6,632 inhabitants)
Barbary (10,185 inhabitants)
Bogoczowiec (1,672 inhabitants)
Chrobrego (5,042 inhabitants)
Gwarków (8,126 inhabitants)
Jastrzębie Górne i Dolne (4,369 inhabitants)
Morcinka (4,534 inhabitants)
Pionierów (11,210 inhabitants)
Przyjaźń (4,718 inhabitants)
Staszica (6,079 inhabitants)
Tuwima (480 inhabitants)
Tysiąclecia (3,242 inhabitants)
Zdrój (7,682 inhabitants)
Złote łany (1,118 inhabitants)
Zofiówka (3,473 inhabitants)Sołectwos:
Borynia (1,918 inhabitants)
Bzie (3,602 inhabitants)
Moszczenica (3,026 inhabitants)
Ruptawa (3,767 inhabitants)
Skrzeczkowice (694 inhabitants)
Szeroka (2,273 inhabitants)
The most famous clubsGKS Jastrzębie – Polish professional football club
Jastrzębski Węgiel – Polish professional volleyball club, one time Polish Champion, PlusLiga
JKH GKS Jastrzębie – Polish professional ice hockey club, Polska Hokej LigaOther clubsBKS Jastrzębie – boxing
UKH Białe Jastrzębie – women's ice hockey
LKS Granica Ruptawa – football
LKS Zryw Bzie – football
LKS Hadex Szeroka – football
Koka Jastrzębie – judo
UKS Romi Jastrzębie – women's handball
Henryk Sławik (1894–1944), Polish politician, social worker, activist, and diplomat, who during World War II helped save over 30,000 Polish refugees, including 5,000 Polish Jews in Budapest, Hungary by giving them false Polish passports with Catholic designation
Krystian Lupa (born 1943), Polish theatre director, set designer, playwright, translator and pedagogue
Magdalena Lewy-Boulet (born 1973), American athlete
Marcin Radzewicz (born 1980), Polish footballer
Dariusz Kłus (born 1981), Polish footballer
Łukasz Pielorz (born 1983), Polish footballer
Kamil Glik (born 1988), Polish footballer