The Jewish Historical Institute (Polish: Żydowski Instytut Historyczny or ŻIH; Yiddish: ייִדישער היסטאָרישער אינסטיטוט), also known as the Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute, is a research foundation in Warsaw, Poland, chiefly dealing with the history of Jews in Poland and Jewish culture.
The Jewish Historical Institute was created in 1947 as a continuation of the Central Jewish Historical Commission, founded in 1944. The Jewish Historical Institute Association is the corporate body responsible for the building and the Institute's holdings. The Institute falls under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage. In 2009 it was named after Emanuel Ringelblum. The institute is a repository of documentary materials relating to the Jewish historical presence in Poland. It is also a centre for academic research, study and the dissemination of knowledge about the history and culture of Polish Jewry.The most valuable part of the collection is the Warsaw Ghetto Archive, known as the Ringelblum Archive (collected by the Oyneg Shabbos). It contains some 6,000 documents (some 30,000 pages).
Other important collections concerning World War II include testimonies (mainly of Jewish survivors of the Holocaust), memoirs and diaries, documentation of the Joint and Jewish Self-Help (welfare organizations active in Poland under the occupation), and documents from the Jewish Councils (Judenräte). The section on the documentation of Jewish historical sites holds about 40 thousand photographs concerning Jewish life and culture in Poland.The Institute has published a series of documents from the Ringelblum Archive, as well as numerous wartime memoirs and diaries. Also, for over 60 years now, the Institute has been publishing an academic journal renamed in 2001 as The Jewish History Quarterly (Polish: Kwartalnik Historii Żydów), registered on the Master Journal List of outstanding academic journals in 2011.In 2011, Paweł Śpiewak, a Professor of Sociology at Warsaw University and former politician, was nominated as the Director of the Jewish Historical Institute by Bogdan Zdrojewski, Minister of Culture and National Heritage.
Nachman Blumental, 1947 to 1949
Ber Mark, 1949 to 1966
Artur Eisenbach, 1966 to 1968
Szymon Datner, 1969 to 1970
Feliks Tych, 1995 to 2006
Eleonora Bergman, 2007-2011
Paweł Śpiewak, since 2011.