Labuništa

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Location
41°16'05"N
020°35'44"E
Country
 Macedonia
Categories
  • Uncathegorised
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Description

Labuništa (Macedonian: Лабуништа; Albanian: Llabunishta) is a village in the municipality of Struga, North Macedonia.

Name

Labuništa is an old name dating back to the time of the arrival of Slavic peoples to the Balkans. The origins of the name Labuništa are Greco-Latin from the toponym Albanopolis. Pianka Włodzimierz connects the placename Labuništa with a south-western Balkans settlement of antiquity named Albanopolis, a city marked on an ancient map by Roman geographer Ptolemy. Through metathesis the name Albanopolis entered Slavic where the suffix polis meaning city became išta with dual meanings of either being a patronymic or indicating a place. While the form Alban, a name, underwent metathesis and became Labun in Slavic of which the syllable cluster an became un giving the final form as Labun(išta).

Geography

The village of Labuništa is located at 865 m (2,838 ft) above sea level on the Eastern side of the Jablanica mountain range. The village is located around 15 km (9 mi) from Struga, the closest town. The nearest villages to Labuništa include Podgorci (1.1 km or 0.68 mi), Boroec (2.3 km or 1.4 mi), Vevčani (3.1 km or 1.9 mi) and Oktisi (4.1 km or 2.5 mi). The village is located close to the Black Drim river and the Globočica lake.

Demographics

Labuništa is inhabited by Orthodox Christian Macedonians, Macedonian Muslims (Torbeš), Bosniaks, and Albanians. http://www.stat.gov.mk/Publikacii/knigaX.pdf

Demographic History

According to Vasil Kanchov's study of Macedonia in 1900, "Macedonia, Ethnography and Statistics", (Bulgarian: Македония. Етнография и статистика, romanized: Makedonija. Etnografija i statistika), counted the village as having 660 Bulgarian Christian and 800 Muslim (Torbeš) inhabitants.According to the statistics of geographers Dimitri Mishev and D. M. Brancoff, the village had a total Christian population of 640 in 1905, consisting of 512 Serbomans Patriarchist Bulgarians and 128 Exarchist Bulgarians. According to 1961 data by anthropologist Joel Halpern the village's population was composed of 2,345 Macedonian Muslims and 380 Christian Macedonians.The population of the village in past censuses:

Demographics today

According to the 2002 national census, 8,935 people live in the village. According to the 2002 census, in Labuništa lived: Macedonians: 1,149 Turks: 1,618 Albanians: 4,935 Bosniaks: 72 Roma: 3 Vlachs: 8 Serbs: 1 other: 1,149Regarding the mother tongue of the population, the following results were given: Macedonian: 4,872 or 82% Albanian: 925 or 15,5% Turkish: 78 or 1,31% Serbian: 3 or 0,05% other: 58 or 0,97%

Identity

Common language and origin with Macedonian Christians does not play a role for a majority of Macedonian Muslims regarding self identification which is based on common religion (Islam) that in Labuništa has led to self declarations of being Albanian. Attempts have been made to introduce the Albanian language in schooling, though these endeavours were not widely supported in Labuništa.

Sports

Local football club FK Labunishta plays in the Macedonian Second League (West Division).

Notable people

Mehmed Ali Pasha (1769 - 1840) - Ottoman Pasha, (possibly from Kavala) Stojan Krstev/Кrstić (bg:Стоян Кръстев), (? - 1890) - priest Đorđe Cvetković Drimkolski (possibly Georgi Cvetkov), (1860 - 1905) - revolutionary, military commander Andjelko Krstić, (1871 - 1952) - writer and playwright Ilija Ilić, (1879 - 1942) - Volunteer from Thessaloniki Đorđe Cvetković Drimkolski (possibly Georgi Cvetkov), (1860 - 1905) - revolutionary, military commander Stoyan Gyurchinov (bg:Стоян Гюрчинов), (? - 1927) - priest Nikola А. Anđelković, (1902 - 1944) - Serb Chetnik military commander in WW2 Murat Labunishta mk:Мурат Лабуништа, (1912 - 1946) - poet, politician Milisav Antonijević - Drimkolski (sr:Милисав Антонијевић - Дримколски) (1913 - 2001), teacher and writer Naum Petreski (mk:Наум Петрески) (1966) - folk singer Menil Velioski, (2001) - folk singer Bashkim Bashkimi, (1964) - sociologist, first doctor of sciences
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