The Lourdes SIGINT (Signals Intelligence) facility, located near Havana, Cuba, was the largest facility of its kind operated by Russian foreign intelligence services
outside of Russia. Located less than 150 km (93 mi) from Key West, the facility covered 73 km2 (28 sq mi). Construction began in July 1962.
The station closed in August 2002.All station facilities were shut down, the buildings were abandoned and later reconstructed to become the University of Information Science.
At its peak during the Cold War over 1,500 KGB, GRU, Cuban DGI, and Eastern Bloc technicians, engineers and intelligence operatives staffed the facility. In 2000 it was reported that China signed an agreement with the Cuban government to share use of the facility for its own intelligence agency.The base closed in 2002. Russia had paid Cuba a $200 million annual subsidy from 1962 to 2002.In July 2014 reports surfaced that Russia and Cuba had agreed to reopen the facility for usage by Russian intelligence.
In popular culture
The station was a key plot device in the August 28, 2012 episode of the USA television network series Covert Affairs episode "Loving the Alien".The station was briefly mentioned in the April 9, 2017 airing of the NCIS: Los Angeles episode entitled "From Havana with Love"