Lututów

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Quick Summary

Location
51°22'18"N
018°26'00"E
Country
 Poland
Categories
  • Uncathegorised
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Description

Lututów [luˈtutuf] is a small town in Wieruszów County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Lututów. It lies approximately 22 kilometres (14 mi) east of Wieruszów and 85 km (53 mi) south-west of the regional capital Łódź. The town has a population of 2,241 (2020).

History

The town was first mentioned in 1406 under the name Lutuldisthat (from German Lutoldsstadt, translated Lutoldstown). Lututów was administratively located in the Sieradz Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown. It was annexed by Prussia in the Second Partition of Poland in 1793. In 1807 it was regained by Poles and included within the short-lived Duchy of Warsaw, and in 1815 it fell to the Russian Partition of Poland. The Battle of Lututów was fought there between Polish insurgents and Russian troops on June 15, 1863 during the January Uprising. It was eventually restored to Poland, when the country regained independence after World War I in 1918. During the German occupation of World War II, in December 1941 and January 1942, the occupiers carried out expulsions of Poles, who were deported to a transit camp in nearby Wieluń, and then deported either to forced labor to Germany or to the General Government (German-occupied central Poland), while their houses were handed over to German colonists as part of the Lebensraum policy. The town's Jewish population of around 1,000 was almost completely annihilated by the Germans during the occupation in World War II. The Jews were sent to forced labour camps, and, for most, deported to Chelmno extermination camp where all were immediately gassed. A few survivors returned at the end of the war but fled soon after. On 1 January 2020, Lututów regained its town rights.
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