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 Czech Republic
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Mírov (German: Mürau) is a municipality and village in Šumperk District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 400 inhabitants. Mírov lies approximately 22 kilometres (14 mi) south-west of Šumperk, 38 km (24 mi) north-west of Olomouc, and 177 km (110 mi) east of Prague.


The first written mention of Mírov is from 1266. A medieval castle from the mid-12th century in Mírov was rebuilt into a Baroque fortress in 1684. It served as the occasional seat of the Olomouc archbishop until 1741, when it was looted by Prussian army. In 1750, the fortress was rebuilt into a prison. In 1850, the prison was bought by the state, a neo-Gothic reconstruction was carried out and a state prison was set up there.From 1980 to 1990, Mírov was an administrative part of Mohelnice.


Today, the castle serves as a high-security and maximum security prison. With about 260 employers it is the main employer in Mírov.

Notable people

Karl Michael von Levetzow (1871–1945), German poet and librettist; died here Hugo Sonnenschein (1889–1953), Austrian writer; died here Štefan Tiso (1897–1959), Slovak politician and lawyer; died here János Esterházy (1901–1957), Hungarian politician; died here
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