Madanapalle

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Location
13°33'00"N
078°30'00"E
Country
 India
Categories
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Description

Madanapalle is a city in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a Selection Grade Municipal City Council and the headquarters of Madanapalle mandal and Madanapalle revenue division and PKM Urban Development Authority.

History

Madanapalle was founded by Sri Maadanna in 1618 AD.Sir Thomas Munro was first collector of Cuddapah. He constructed a small thatched house at the present Collector's bungalow and visited Madanapalle every summer. Madanapalle (Telugu:మదనపల్లె) or Madanapalle mandal (Mandal code-35), is a mandal HQ, town and a Municipality in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh state, India. There are 21 villages in this mandal and the list is : 1 Chinnathippasamudram (CTM), 2 Kasiraopeta, 3 Kothavaripalle, 4 Pothapolu, 5 Venkappakota, 6 Bandameeda kammapalle, 7 Kollabylu, 8 Ponnetipalem, 9 Chippili, 10 Pappireddipalle, 11 Kammapalle, 12 Basinikonda, 13 Pamaiahgaripalle, 14 Molakaladinne, 15 Valasapalle, 16 Madanapalle (rural), 17 Ankisettipalle, 18 Vem palle, 19 Malepadu, 20 Penchupadu, 21 Theneegalavaripalle population 107,512 (2001 census). Legend has it that the name of the town was originally " Maryaada raamanna puram" which has over time, changed into " Madanapalle". In 1850, Madanapalle was developed as subdivision and F.B.Manoly was the first Sub Collector. The town experienced several natural calamities like floods, famines and epidemics. Rabindranath Tagore translated "Jana Gana Mana" from Bengali to English and also set it to music in Madanapalle. The National Anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore as early as in 1911 and was sung at the annual session of the Indian National Congress at Calcutta on 27 December that year. But it was actually done in Besant Theosophical College, Madanapalle, where Tagore stayed for few days in February 1919 that the now familiar tune was set. It was Margaret Cousins, wife of educationist, Dr. James Henry Cousins, who composed the tune for "Jana Gana Mana". Dr.J H Cousins was then the Principal of the Madanapalle College that was established by Dr. Annie Besant.

Geography

It is located at an average elevation of 695 m (2,280 ft) above mean sea level. Madanapalle is located at 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50. Source : Climate Madanapalle has pleasantly mild, to warm summers with average high temperatures of 30 to 35 degrees Celsius (86 F to 95 F). Temperatures do not exceed 40 degrees Celsius (104 F)and winters are cold with temperatures between 7 and 15 degrees Celsius ( 44.6 F to 59 F). Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in June, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.

Demographics

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 180,180. The total population constitute, 90,700 males, 89,480 females and 13,448 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 81.40% with 99,486 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.

Governance

Civic administration

The municipality was formed on 1 April 1961 and is spread over an area of 14.20 km2 (5.48 sq mi). There are 35 election wards represented by a councilor. Madanapalle urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 23.44 km2 (9.05 sq mi). Its constituents include the municipality of Madanapalle, the out growths of Ankisettipalle, Chippili, Pamaiahgaripalle, Papireddipalle, Venkappakota, partial out growths of Basinikonda, Kollabylu, Ponnetipalem and Madanapalle (rural).

Politics

Madanapalle is an Assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh and the constituency number is 283.

Economy

The economy is based on agriculture and main products include tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind and silk saris. Madanapalle is famous for agricultural products such as tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind etc., Madanapalle is the biggest tomato market in Asia. The tomatoes from here are supplied to the most of the southern states & some of the northern states of India. It is also famous for silk and silk products like saris and other casuals. The quality of silk product is recognizable. You can purchase silk sarees here at production cost. These are supplied to all major cities in South India including Bangalore, Chennai and all silk product towns for sales. Madanapalle surroundings have enormous reserves of granite.

Transport

Madanapalle is very well connected by road and rail. There are three Bus terminals in Madanapalle. State owned APSRTC buses run to different parts of the district, state and interstate – Hyderabad (TS), Bangalore (KA), Mysore (KA), Bellary (KA) and Chennai (TN), Vellore (TN). Madanapalle Road Railway Station (MPL) is situated on Dharmavarm - Pakala Branch line and all trains stop here. Trains are available here to travel to Secunderabad, Guntakal, Tirupati, Vijayawada. Daily trains are available from and to Guntakal & Tirupati. Other nearest Railway Station is Kurabalakota Railway Station where only Passenger trains stop.New Kadapa to Bangalore via Madanapalle Railway line is under construction it Kadapa–Bangalore section.In this project planned to Upgrade Madanapalle Road Railway station as Junction and one New Railway station to Madanapalle Town. Three National Highways and One Major State Highway passes through Madanapalle. NH 42 - Uravakonda to Krishnagiri NH 71 - Madanapalle to Naidupeta NH 340 - Kadapa to Angallu ( Kurbalakota) Connects Madanapalle to Bangalore Road. SH - 50 - Madanapalle to AP state Border and towards Bangalore.

Education

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu. Madanapalle has long standing educational institutions like Besant Theosophical College,founded by Dr.Annie Besant in 1915.First Degree college in Rayalaseema Region and Rabindranath Tagore translated Jana Gana Mana from Bengali to English,Outside of Calcutta, the song was first sung by the bard himself at a session in Besant Theosophical College in Madanapalle, Andhra Pradesh on 28 February 1919 when Tagore visited the college and sung the song. The song enthralled the college students while Margaret Cousins, then vice-principal of the college (also an expert in European music and wife of Irish poet James Cousins), both requested Tagore to create an English translation of the song and set down the musical notation to the national anthem, which is followed only when the song is sung in the original slow rendition style. Rishi Valley School, a boarding school, founded by the philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti, Under Management of Krishnamurthy Foundation of India Zilla Parishad High School, which was founded in 1924, Vasishta School (ICSE, AP State Syllabus) which was founded in 1981.It also has four engineering colleges – Madanapalle Institute of Technology and Science, Sir Vishveshwaraiah Institute of Science & Technology, Aditya College of Engineering, Golden Valley Integrated Campus . Arogyavaram Medical and Research center Government of Andhra Pradesh is planning to establish Government Medical College near Madanapalle and Land Acquisition started.

Entertainment

There are more theaters, Sri Sai Chitra, A.S.R Theater, Sunil Theater, Sree Krishna Theater,Sidhartha Theatre, Ravi Theatre, Mini Sidhartha.

MLAs of Madanapalli from 1952

Madanapalle is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. M.L.A's of MADANAPALLE from 1952 to till now 1952 – Dodda Seetharamaiah (Communist Party of India (CPI)) 1955 – T.G.K. Gupta (Indian National Congress) 1962 – Dodda Seetharamaiah (CPI) 1967 – A. Narasingarao (Indian National Congress) 1972 – A. Narasingarao (Indian National Congress) 1978 – G.V. Narayana Reddy (Indian National Congress I) 1983 – R. Narayana Reddy (Telugu Desam Party) 1985 – R. Narayana Reddy (Telugu Desam Party) 1989 – A. Mohan Reddy (Indian National Congress) 1994 – R. Sagar Reddy (Telugu Desam Party) 1999 – R. Shobha rani (Telugu Desam Party) 2004 – Dommalapati Ramesh (Telugu Desam Party) 2009 – Mohammed Shahjahan Basha(Jaha) (Indian National Congress) 2014 – Thippa Reddy (YSRCP) 2019– Nawaj Bhasha( YSRCP)

Notable people

Jiddu Krishnamurti, a philosopher is one of the notable personalities from the town. Rama Prabha, actress Bindu Madhavi, Tamil Film Actress Sri M, yogi and spiritual teacher
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