Manley Hot Springs, Alaska

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Manley Hot Springs (Too Naaleł Denh in Koyukon) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 89, up from 72 in 2000.


Manley Hot Springs is located at 65°0′28″N 150°37′36″W (65.007773, -150.626732).Manley Hot Springs is located about 8 km (5.0 mi) north of the Tanana River on Hot Springs Slough, at the end of the Elliott Highway, 260 km (160 mi) west of Fairbanks. The CDP has a total area of 54.3 square miles (141 km2) according to the United States Census Bureau. All of it is land.


Manley Hot Springs has a continental subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc).


Manley Hot Springs first reported on the 1910 U.S. Census as "Hot Springs", an unincorporated village. It was formally changed to Manley Hot Springs in 1957. It became a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980. As of the census of 2000, there were 72 people, 36 households, and 19 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1.3 people per square mile (0.5/km2). There were 105 housing units at an average density of 1.9/sq mi (0.7/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 73.61% White, 23.61% Native American, and 2.78% from other races. There were 36 households, out of which 19.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.2% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.58. In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 15.3% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 37.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 125.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $29,000, and the median income for a family was $59,583. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $21,751. There were no families and 9.7% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64.


Traditional lands of the Cosna Band of the Upper Koyukon Dene. In 1902 a prospector, John Karshner, discovered several hot springs in the area. He began a homestead and vegetable farm. In the same year, the United States Army built a telegraph station. The area became a service and supply point for miners in the Tofty and Eureka mining districts. It was known as Baker's Hot Springs, after nearby Baker Creek. Farming and livestock operations in the area produced fresh meat, poultry, and produce for sale. In 1903, Sam's Rooms and Meals, now called the Manley Roadhouse, opened. The Manley Roadhouse was owned by Robert E. Lee, who was also the town's postmaster until his death in 2010. In 1907 a miner named Frank Manley built the Hot Springs Resort Hotel. The resort was a four-story building with 45 guest rooms, steam heat, electric lights, hot baths, a bar, a restaurant, a billiard room, a bowling alley, a barber shop, and an Olympic-size indoor swimming pool which used heated water from the hot springs. During the summer, the hotel's private boat transported guests from steamers on the Tanana River. In the winter, an overland stagecoach trip from Fairbanks took two days. The town was renamed Hot Springs. The resort and the mining in the area caused the town to prosper. It had a store, a newspaper, a bakery, clothing stores and other businesses. The population of the area in 1910 was more than 500. In 1913 the resort burned to the ground. Mining activity was also in decline and by 1920 only 29 residents lived in Hot Springs. The town's name was changed to Manley Hot Springs in 1957. In May 1984, a newcomer to the town, Michael Silka, killed nine people in the area. Since 1950, the population of Manley Hot Springs has slowly increased. In the 2010 census, the population of Manley Hot Springs was 89, up 24 percent from 72 in 2000 census.


The Yukon–Koyukuk School District operates the Gladys Dart School in Manley Hot Springs.


The Elliott Highway (Alaska Route 2), completed in 1959, gives Manley Hot Springs road access from Fairbanks year-round. Before 1982 it was not plowed by the state and closed during the winter. The Manley Hot Springs Airport has scheduled flights to Fairbanks International Airport aboard Warbelow's Air Ventures.
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