Milíkov (Frýdek-Místek District)

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 Czech Republic
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Milíkov (Polish: Milików) is a municipality and village in Frýdek-Místek District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,400 inhabitants. Polish minority makes up 30.4% of the population. It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.


Milíkov is situated on the foothills of the Moravian-Silesian Beskids, the mountain of Kozubová lies in the municipal area. Near one-third of the municipality is covered by forest and two-thirds are part of the Beskydy Landscape Protected Area.


The name of the municipality is of possessive origins derived from personal name Milik.


Milíkov was first mentioned in 1577 as Milikuw. It belonged then to the Duchy of Teschen, a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia and a part of the Habsburg Monarchy. After Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire a modern municipal division was introduced in the re-established Austrian Silesia. The village as a municipality was subscribed to the political district of Teschen and the legal district of Jablunkau. According to the censuses conducted in 1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality grew from 676 in 1880 to 771 in 1910 with a majority being native Polish-speakers (99.3% in 1880, then 100%) accompanied by 5 German-speaking in 1880. In terms of religion in 1910 the majority were Protestants (62.1%), followed by Roman Catholics (37.9%). Milíkov was also traditionally inhabited by Cieszyn Vlachs, speaking Cieszyn Silesian dialect. After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, it became a part of Czechoslovakia. Following the Munich Agreement, in October 1938 together with the Zaolzie region it was annexed by Poland, administratively adjoined to Cieszyn County of Silesian Voivodeship. It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Czechoslovakia. From 1980 to 1990 Milíkov was administratively a part of Bystřice.
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