Milevsko (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmɪlɛfsko]; German: Mühlhausen) is a town in Písek District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has approximately 8,300 inhabitants. It is situated 25 kilometres north-east of Písek.
Archeological excavations have shown that the people lived in the area in the Paleolithic times. Other discoveries show occupation in the Bronze Age and the Hallstatt Culture period. During the Migration Period the area was slowly settled by Slavs in the 8th century, driving out the native inhabitants.
The town was, in the 12th century, on the intersection of two merchants routes. The first written mention about Milevsko is from 1184 and three years later a Premonstratensian monastery was built. The following years were the time of prosperity and the monastery became one of the richest monasteries in the Bohemia. Its collapse was connected to an attack by the Hussites, who destroyed it by fire in 1420.
In the 17th and 18th centuries the town was struck by the bubonic plague.
Until 1918, Mühlhausen bei Tabor – Milevsko (previously Mühlhausen) was a part of the lands of Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), The town was principal settlement in the eponymous district which was one of 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften of Bohemia.
In Milevsko is a big machine factory ZVVZ (Závody na výrobu vzduchotechnických zařízení – the factory for the production of HVAC equipment).
Twin towns – sister cities
Milevsko is twinned with: