Moravský Krumlov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmorafskiː ˈkrumlof]; German: Mährisch Kromau) is a town in the Znojmo District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,700 inhabitants.
Krumlov has its origin in Middle High German Krumme Aue, which can be translated as crooked meadow after a meander of the Rokytná River. Moravský means "Moravian" to differentiate it from Český Krumlov ("Bohemian Krumlov") in the South Bohemian Region.
The foundation of the town is connected with the construction of a stone castle, which was probably initiated on the orders of Ottokar II of Bohemia. The first written mention about Moravský Krumlov is however from 1289. In the 16th century the castle was rebuilt into a comfortable residence of the powerful Lords of Lípa, hereditary marshals to the kings of Bohemia, and became a significant centre of cultural and social events. In 1622, the Krumlov château and the domain were acquired by the House of Liechtenstein.On the last night of World War II (7 May 1945), it was heavily bombed by Soviet air forces. As a result, three quarters of the town lay in ruins. The château, the Augustinian monastery, All Saints Church, and St. Florian Church were among the buildings that survived.
Until 2011, the castle of Moravský Krumlov was home to the series of paintings by Alphonse Mucha known as The Slav Epic, before they were moved to Prague.
Heinrich Glücksmann (1864–1947), Austrian writer
Drahomíra Vihanová (1930–2017), film director, documentarian and screenwriter
Petr Málek (1961–2019), sport shooter, Olympic medalist
Vladimír Morávek (born 1965), film director, screenwriter and actor
Twin towns – sister cities
Moravský Krumlov is twinned with: