Narayiv

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Location
49°31'45"N
024°46'27"E
Country
 Ukraine
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Description

Naraiv, also Narayiv, Narajiv (Ukrainian: Нараїв; Polish: Narajów; Russian: Нараев, romanized: Narayev; Yiddish: נאראיעוו, romanized: Narayev; Hebrew: נאראיוב, romanized: Narayuv) is a selo in Ternopil Raion of Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Naraiv rural hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.Naraiv is within Eastern Galicia, former Austrian empire (until 1918). In the past it was a town. The first historical mention dates to 1445. Naraiv is situated along the small river of Naraivka, a tributary of Zolota Lypa in a picturesque natural surrounding of vast beech and hornbeam forests and fertile rolling hills (western part of Podolian Upland, ethno-geographic area of Galician Opillya). Until 18 July 2020, Naraiv belonged to Berezhany Raion. The raion was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Ternopil Oblast to three. The area of Berezhany Raion was merged into Ternopil Raion. Naraiv was the largest rural locality (of 1.799 people) in the raion. Naraiv lies on the road between Berezhany and Peremyshlyany, right in the middle between the two cities, and consists of 2 parts - Naraiv Misto (Naraiv the town) and Naraiv Selo (Naraiv the village).

Population

Currently Naraiv has 1.799 inhabitants, mostly Galician Ukrainians. In the year 1900, "Naraiv Town" had 2851 inhabitants. Among those were: 1451 Ukrainians/Ruthenians (Greek Catholics), 458 Poles (Roman Catholic faith), 928 Jews and 14 others. In 1939, "Naraiv Town´s" population numbered already 3910 inhabitants. Among them 1980 Ukrainians (Greek-Catholics), 520 Poles (Roman Catholic faith), 330 Roman Catholics (Ukrainians/Poles), 30 Polish colonizers newcomers and 780 Jews. In 1900 "Naraiv Selo" had 1139 inhabitants. Among them: 856 Ukrainians, 205 Poles and 78 Jews and some decades later in 1939 it grew to 1740 inhabitants. Among them: 1160 Ukrainians, 25 Poles, 330 Roman Catholics (Ukrainians/Poles), 200 Polish colonizers newcomers and 25 Jews.

Jewish and Polish communities

Prior to the war there was a Jewish community in Naraiv of 805 Jews (in 1939), the most of whom were annihilated during the Holocaust. Some survivors immigrated in Israel. Around 1945, most of the local Poles (775) had been deported to western Poland. The First Narayever Congregation, a Jewish synagogue in downtown Toronto, was founded in 1914 by Jewish immigrants from Naraiv in the early 20th century.

Holocaust in Naraiv

In the autumn of 1942, the day after Yom Kippur holiday, the brutal German soldiers arrived from Berezhany gathering all the Naraiv Jews who were not able to find a hideout and took them by trucks to Berezhany. From there to the Belzec Death Camp in Belzec, Poland. After about a month and a half, the Naraiv was declared "Judenfrei".

Communications

There are daily bus connections between Naraiv and Berezhany, as well as between Naraiv and Lviv. Direct daily buses for Naraiv leave from the secondary bus terminal at the end of Lychakivska Street in Lviv or the daily bus route (twice a day) for Berezhany (which stops at Naraiv) from the main city terminal in Lviv. Postal code for Naraiv is 47513. The closest international airports to Naraiv, in the order of proximity, are: Lviv International Airport, in Lviv (LWO), 65,8 km away Ivano-Frankivsk International Airport, in Ivano-Frankivsk (IFO), 72,4 km away Chernivtsi International Airport, in Chernivtsi (CWC), 161,4 km away Rzeszów International Airport, in Rzeszow (RZE), Poland, 207,2 km. away

Nearby locations

The direct line distances between Naraiv and nearby locations. Road distances might be slightly longer. Rohachyn - 7,8 km. Kuriany - 11,3 km. Urman - 13,7 km. Berezhany - 15 km., district center Pomoryany - 16 km. Rohatyn - 17 km. Peremyshlyany - 21,5 km. Svirzh - 27 km. Kozova - 29 km. Zolochiv - 31 km. Ternopil - 59 km., regional center Lviv - 63 km., the biggest city in the entire region Ivano-Frankivsk - 68 km., second biggest city in the region

Places of interest in the area

Univ Lavra (24 km) - the major Ukrainian Greek-Catholic monastery (of Studite brethren) in the area in the village of Univ near Peremyshlyany. Berezhany Castle (15 km) - built between the 1530s and 1540s by Mikołaj Sieniawski as the main residence of the Sieniawski magnate family. Svirzh Castle (27 km) - a fortified aristocratic residence in Svirzh, surrounded on all sides by moats, lakes, and marshes.

People

Levko Riznyk, Ukrainian writer, Moyshe Nadir, Jewish Yiddish language writer Jackie Kahane, Canadian-American comedian
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