Nižní Lhoty

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 Czech Republic
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Nižní Lhoty (Polish: Ligota Dolna, German: Unter Ellgoth) is a small village in the Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It lies on the Morávka River, in the historical region of Těšín Silesia.


Some sources state that the village was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as item Rudgeri villa, however it is very unlikely and disputed. Far more likely it was later mentioned in 1434 as Lhoty and in 1450 as Rozkowu Lhotu. Later up the Morávka river the sister settlement of Vyšní Lhoty was established. They were then both mentioned in 1584 as Dolny neb Spodny Lhota (Nižní Lhoty) and Hornÿ Lhota (Vyšní Lhoty).Politically the village belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg monarchy. In 1573 it was sold as one of 16 villages and the town of Friedeck and formed a state country split from the Duchy of Teschen.After World War I and fall of Austria-Hungary it became a part of Czechoslovakia. In March 1939 it became a part of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. After World War II it was restored to Czechoslovakia.
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