Pinner is an area in Greater London, in the borough of Harrow, lying 12 miles (19 km) northwest from Charing Cross. It is within the bounds of the historic county of Middlesex, and located close to the border with the borough of Hillingdon. The population of Pinner, which includes Pinner Green, Hatch End and Pinnerwood, was 31,130 as of 2011.
Pinner was originally a hamlet, first recorded in 1231 as Pinnora, although the already archaic -ora (meaning 'hill') suggests its origins lie no later than c.900. The name Pinn is shared with the River Pinn, which runs through the middle of Pinner.
The oldest part of the town lies around the fourteenth-century parish church of St. John the Baptist, at the junction of the present day Grange Gardens, The High Street and Church Lane. The earliest surviving private dwelling, East End Farm Cottage, dates from the late fifteenth-century.The village expanded rapidly between 1923 and 1939 when a series of garden estates, including the architecturally significant Pinnerwood estate conservation area – encouraged by the Metropolitan Railway – grew around its historic core. It was largely from this time onwards that the area (including Hatch End, which forms the northeastern part of Pinner) assumed much of its present-day suburban character. The area is now continuous with neighbouring suburban districts including Rayners Lane and Eastcote.
Pinner contains a large number of homes built in the 1930s Art Deco style, the most grand of which is the Grade II listed Elm Park Court at the junction of West End Lane and Elm Park Road.
Pinner has had an annual street fair held in May since 1336, when it was granted by Royal Charter by Edward III;. Pinner is one of few places in the United Kingdom that still holds an annual fair.
Harrow Council has been governed by the Labour Party since 2014. Pinner has two wards, Pinner and Pinner South, each represented by three councillors.
Pinner is in the Brent and Harrow constituency for the London Assembly which has been represented since 2008 by Navin Shah (Labour). Since the 2010 general election, Pinner has been part of the Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner parliamentary constituency, most recently represented by Nick Hurd (Conservative).
Pinner is both a religiously and culturally mixed area, with the ethnic minority population having grown significantly since the 1970s. Pinner ward nonetheless had the highest concentration of people describing themselves as white in the London Borough of Harrow, at 62 per cent of the population in 2011. In 2013 the Pinner South ward had the next highest proportion of white people at 59.4 per cent. Various churches and a synagogue serve the religious needs of the community.
Pinner's St John the Baptist parish church was consecrated in 1321, but built on the site of an earlier Christian place of worship. The west tower and south porch date from the 15th century.
Pinner Underground station is on the Metropolitan line in zone 5.
Hatch End is a national rail station.
Pinner includes Pinner Village at its centre, along with the localities of Pinner Green and Pinnerwood Park Conservation Area to the north. To the north east is the larger area of Hatch End (served by railway station that originally opened as Pinner).
In popular culture
The Pinner fair held in Pinner High Street features in John Betjeman's 1973 BBC film, Metro-Land. The BBC sitcom May to December was set in Pinner, and its exterior shots were recorded in the High Street. During the 1990s the children's TV series of Aquila was filmed in and around Pinner, particularly at the local Cannon Lane School. Chucklevision, the Children's TV series based on the Chuckle Brothers also filmed in Pinner. The film Nowhere Boy had a number of scenes filmed in Pinner, including outside the Queens Head Pub, Pinner High street, and on Woodhall Gate, which stood in for John Lennon's childhood home. Pinner has also been used for the BBC sitcom My Hero and the Channel 4 sitcom The Inbetweeners. Filming for the movie The Theory of Everything took place outside the St John the Baptist Church on Pinner High Street. The 2012 film, May I Kill U? Written and directed by Stuart Urban; starring Kevin Bishop was also filmed in Pinner.Episode 5 of Season 3 of the British black comedy-drama spy thriller television series Killing Eve is titled ‘Are you from Pinner?’
Edward Lear makes reference to Pinner in More Nonsense Pictures, Rhymes, Botany, etc:
There was an old person of Pinner,
As thin as a lath, if not thinner;
They dressed him in white,
And roll'd him up tight,
That elastic old person of Pinner.
H. G. Wells mentions Pinner in War of the Worlds:
He learned they were the wife and the younger sister of a surgeon living at Stanmore, who had come in the small hours from a dangerous case at Pinner, and heard at some railway station on his way of the Martian advance.
Sport and leisure
Pinner has a rugby union team, Pinner and Grammarians RFC, a member club of the Rugby Football Union. It is the most junior team to have supplied a President to the RFU. Pinner also has a cricket team, Pinner Cricket Club and a youth football club, Pinner United FC. The area also has a golf course, Pinner Golf course.In addition to numerous restaurants and a number of public houses, Pinner also has an amateur theatre group, Pinner Players, who have been performing in the area since 1936 and currently stage productions at Pinner Village Hall off Chapel Lane.
Ronnie Barker and David Suchet were both one-time owners of 17th-century Elmdene in Church Lane;
Samuel and Isabella Beeton lived on the Woodridings estate between 1856 and 1862, during which Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management was published.
Derek Bell, motor racing driver, was born in Pinner;
Rhodes Boyson lived in Pinner;
Leslie Bricusse, best known for his partnership with Anthony Newley, was born in Pinner;
Edward Bulwer-Lytton wrote Eugene Aram at Pinner Wood House in 1832.
Ivy Compton-Burnett was born in the village in 1884,
Daniel Dancer the famed miser, was born in Pinner, then a rural area in the county of Middlesex, in 1716.
Charlie Dore, singer was born here
Jo Durden-Smith was born here in 1941;
Daniel Finkelstein was a Pinner resident and created Baron Finkelstein of Pinner, in 2013.
W. S. Gilbert, though he did not live in Pinner, was a magistrate there from 1893 onwards.
Martin Gould, professional Snooker player.
Tony Hatch, composer of the Petula Clark hit "Downtown" and many other television themes, which included the Neighbours theme, was born here
Bob Holness, the former host of quiz show Blockbusters lived here.
Peter Jacobs, Olympic fencer was born here in 1938
Elton John, who was educated at Pinner Wood Junior School, Reddiford School and Pinner County Grammar School
Norman Kember is a longtime resident of the town;
Brian Lane (1917–1942) grew up in the village
Simon LeBon, vocalist of post-punk rock band Duran Duran, grew up locally and attended the Pinner County Grammar School.
Caroline Alice Lejeune, film critic, lived here with her husband Edward Roffe Thompson, a journalist
Jane March grew up here before moving to the United States;
Agnes Marshall, whom most credit with the invention of edible ice cream cones, had a country home there and died there in 1905.
Patrick Moore, the television presenter and astronomer, was born in Pinner in 1923, before moving with his parents to Bognor Regis when he was six months old
Horatia Nelson, daughter of Lord Nelson and Lady Emma Hamilton, lived in Pinner from 1860 until her death in 1881. \
Henry James Pye (poet laureate) retired to East End House in 1811.
William Heath Robinson, who lived in Moss Lane between 1913 and 1918 has a museum dedicated to him at West House in Pinner Memorial Park)
Michael Rosen, who writes children's books such as We're Going on a Bear Hunt, lived in Pinner from the time he was born in 1946, until 1962.
Chris Roycroft-Davis is a resident
David Sutch, who lived in nearby South Harrow, is buried in Pinner New Cemetery.
Gordon Waller of Peter and Gordon who lived with his family in the house called Elton, Elm Park Road, and went to St John's prep school before boarding at Westminster School
Molly Weir, best known for her role as the long-running character Hazel the McWitch in the BBC TV series Rentaghost, lived in Pinner until her death in 2004;.
Bruce Welch, guitarist in The Shadows, lived in Pinner.