Quintanar de la Orden is a municipality located in the Mancha Alta de Toledo comarca, province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. According to the 2006 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 10471 inhabitants.
The term " Quintanar " derives from the Latin Quintana meaning 'one fifth' which may relate to the portion of the harvest of the tenants (or its monetary equivalent) which had to paid as tax or rent at the market where they sold food. It could also be related to the distance, of five miles from a particular Roman communications center. The term " Order " relates to the Order of Santiago who were granted dominion over the lands of La Mancha in 1353 shortly after the Reconquista of that territory and who established their headquarters there.
The municipality borders the towns of Mota del Cuervo in the Province of Cuenca and Villanueva de Alcardete, El Toboso, Miguel Esteban and La Puebla de Almoradiel in the Province of Toledo .
The discovery Paleolithic may indicate the presence a prehistoric settlement. Roman coins indicate the existence of some sort of installation here at that time.
In the Middle Ages the village was inhabited by Mozarabs. After the Reconquista it was ceded to the military Order of Santiago.
In the sixteenth century it became the principal administrative area of the region of La Mancha .