The Railway Museum (Serbian: Železnički muzej / Железнички музеј) is a museum located in the Savski Venac, Belgrade, the capital of Serbia.
It was founded on 1 February 1950. The first exhibition was held in 1953 under title "Through the history of Yugoslav Railways" (Kroz istoriju Jugoslovenskih Železnica). Museum is in possession of over 40,000 objects and also has an archive and library. It also operates the Šargan Eight narrow gauge heritage railway, running from the village of Mokra Gora to Šargan Vitasi station. As of 2018, it is managed by the company Serbian Railways.