Sázava (Czech pronunciation: [ˈsaːzava], German: Sasau) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It lies between Tábor and Prague on a bend on the Sázava river. It has a population of about 3,800.
Other than Sázava proper, the town includes the villages of Dojetřice to the south-west and Bělokozly and Čeřenice to the south.
The settlement coalesced around Sázava Monastery, established 1032 and destroyed in the Hussite Wars, in 1421. The village near the monastery is recorded as early as 1053, and under the name Buda in 1788. The name Schwarz-Buda is recorded in 1844. The former village is now the western part of Sázava town, known as Černé Budy (German: Schwarzbuda or Klosterdorf), on the right bank of the Sázava river. The monastery church now operates as the Roman Catholic parish church of Černé Budy. The municipal name of Sázava is modern.
The town was incorporated in 1850, as part of Kolín District, Pardubice Region. Jurisdiction lay with the Uhlířské Janovice district court until 1949. The town was transferred to Čáslav County in 1855, and to Kutná Hora District in 1868, which in 1960 was included into the Central Bohemian Region. The town was attached to Benešov District in 2000.
The eastern side of the town, on the left bank of the Sázava river, is largely industrial in character, including the Kavalierglass, Inc. glass manufacturer plant (established in 1837 by Franz Kavalier), and Sázava-Černé Budy train station.
In popular culture
Sázava has appeared as one of the accessible towns in the 2018 video game Kingdom Come: Deliverance. It takes place in the early 15th century, in the Kingdom of Bohemia, as part of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown and the Holy Roman Empire in what is now the Czech Republic.