Skalbmierz [ˈskalbmʲɛʂ] (listen) is a town in south eastern Poland, in Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in Kazimierza County. It has 1,326 inhabitants (2004). Skalbmierz has a long and rich history, the town belongs to the province of Lesser Poland. Skalbmierz received town charter in 1342, lost it in 1869, and regained in 1927.
First half of 12th century – Presumably Skalbmierz foundation1217 – Skalbmierz first mentioned in written sources1241 – Skalbmierz devastated by Tatars (see Mongol invasion of Poland)1242 – Konrad I of Masovia called a meeting in Skalbmierz, where he imprisoned representatives of Lesser Poland1309 – First mention of school in Skalbmierz1342, 20 February – Skalbmierz gains town charter (see Magdeburg rights) from King Kazimierz Wielki1400 – Stanisław of Skarbimierz became first vice-chancellor of Cracow Academy (Akademia Krakowska)1427 – Skalbmierz's town charter confirmed by King Władysław Jagiełło1483, 24 May – Cracow bishop Jan Rzeszowski confirmed the town charter of Skalbmierz1578 – King Stefan Batory confirmed the right of Cracow curates to appoint Skalbmierz president canons of the Chapter1618 – Great fire of city1652–1653 – The plague in city1655–1657 – Total destruction of Skalbmierz by Swedes, Hungarians and Cossacks (see Deluge (history))1781, 25 September – King Stanisław August Poniatowski confirmed current privileges of Skalbmierz1794, 29 April – Russian general Fiodor Denisov during the retreat from Racławice robbed Skalbmierz and set it on fire1807 and 1808 – City destroyed by the fire1810, 17 April – Skalbmierz became capital of Skalbmierz County1819 – Dissolution of collegiate church1831, 24 October – Skirmish of insurgents near Drożejowice (see November Uprising)1869 – Russian administration takes away Skalbmierz city rights, after January Uprising1884 – Maria Skłodowska stayed in Skalbmierz1906 – Fire of Skalbmierz church1912 – Fire brigade established in Skalbmierz1918 – Rise of Polish Military Organization (Polska Organizacja Wojskowa) and Scout Teamsince 1919 – Railway station built in Skalbmierz (station on the route between Charsznica and Kocmyrzów)1927, 31 March – Skalbmierz regains city rights thanks to Antoni Baum’s initiative1927 – Stefczyk’s cash office opened, prototype of today’s Co-operative Bank (Bank Spółdzielczy, see Cooperative banking)1931 – Creation of Committee of Military Preparation and Physical Education in Sklabmierz1933 – Shooting association established1933–1934 – New building of common school erected1939, 6 and 7 September – Fights in Skalbmierz, see Invasion of Poland1939, 14 November – Region of Skalbmierz and Działoszyce joined and turned into a state of underground activity1944, 5 September – Pacification of Skalbmierz 1945, 14 January – Units of Red Army entered Skalbmierz1948, 1 August – Establishment of Communal cooperative "SCh"1952 – Electrification of Skalbmierz completed1956 – Skalbmierz incorporated into Kazimierza Wielka county1959 – Thanks to Emilian Jaros’s initiative a vocational school opened (later renamed as Team of Vocational Schools)1969, 3 September – Skalbmierz decorated with Cross of Grunwald (3rd class)1984, 1 October – New primary school building opened for public use2005 – Water reservoir "Skalbmierz" built