Skole

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Location
49°01'59"N
023°31'00"E
Country
 Ukraine
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Description

Skole (Ukrainian: Ско́ле) is a town in Lviv Oblast (region) of Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Skole Raion. Population: 6,104 (2021 est.).

History

The first official date recorded for Skole was in 1397. A very important route from Kyiv to Hungary ran through Skole; as a result, it was frequently fought over by other nations. When the Skole region was under Polish rule, the Polish king parceled out the land among the Polish nobility. German colonists, particularly craftspeople, who settled in the Skole region promoted the development of its economy. A great influence on the economy and cultural development of the region was Baron Groedl and his family. In Skole, the coins of Baron Groedl were used. They were minted at Vien, a mint which continued to be in use until 1930. Skole received its Magdeburg rights in 1397, by a decree of King Wladyslaw Jagiello. Until 1772, the town belonged to the Lviv Land, Ruthenian Voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland. Following the Partitions of Poland, it was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, as part of Austrian Galicia, where Skole remained until 1918. In the interbellum period, it was part of Stryj County, Stanislawow Voivodeship, with population divided between Jewish, Polish and Ukrainian communities, also Germans and Czechs. In its vicinity there were three German villages, Annaberg, Felizienthal and Karlsdorf. Until September 17, 1939 (see Soviet Invasion of Poland), the town housed Battalion Skole of the Border Protection Corps. Modern Skole is a small town at the center of Skole district, with favorable conditions for the tourist trade.

Jewish History

Skole was the site of many horrendous atrocities against the Jewish people living there. The Ukrainian Christians living there were described as 10 times crueller than the German executioners by Aaron Wilf in his diaries. Some local residents such as married couple Mykhailo Svystun and Polaho Svystun who saved the lives of a Jewish friend and his family.

Mykhailo and Polaho Svystun

Mykhailo and Polaho Svystun were farmers in Skole during the German occupation. They have been recognised as Righteous Gentiles who saved Aaron Wilf, Chaya Wilf, Rose Wilf, Moshy Wilf and two other boys lives. They paid with their lives as Ukrainian neighbours burnt them alive in their house. They were given this honor in 1974 and are on the official list stored by Yad Vashem as Svistun, 'Mikhailo & Polaha and son Vasily'.

Architecture

The city has two monuments of cultural heritage in Ukraine. Church of St. Paraskeva (wooden) 17th century. The bell tower of the church St. Paraskeva (wooden) 1760. Church of the Nativity Blessed Virgin Mary.
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