Soultz-Haut-Rhin

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Location
47°53'09"N
007°13'46"E
Country
 France
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Description

Soultz-Haut-Rhin (German: Sulz/Oberelsaß) is a commune in the Haut-Rhin département in Grand Est in north-eastern France. Its inhabitants are called Soultziens (male) or Soultziennes (female).

Geography

The town of Soultz-Haut-Rhin has an enclave located northeast of Goldbach-Altenbach. The town of Soultz was built around a salted water source from which originates its name.

History

The origins of Soultz go back to the 7th century. 667 : the written name of Sulza (salted source) is mentioned in a donation from Adalrich, Duke of Alsace, father of Saint Odile, of the bann of Soultz to the convent of Ebersmunster. The Soultz Railway was a 9.8 km (6.1 mi) long military light railway with a track gauge of 600 mm (1 ft 11 5⁄8 in) that the Germans built and operated during World War I from Soultz to the Niederwald terminus below the Hartmannswillerkopf near Wattwiller.

Demography

1962 : 4750 1968 : 4910 1975 : 5689 1982 : 5696 1990 : 5867 1999 : 6640 2006 : 7184 2011 : 7327 2016 : 7247

Places of interest

Soultz has houses from the 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. The Church of Saint-Maurice is a Gothic building (1270–1489) Château de Buchenek is a 13th-century castle, now a museum La Nef des Jouets (The Toys Vessel, museum of toys) The 1860 town hall is a Renaissance Revival building

People

Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès, who married Catherine Gontcharoff, eldest sister of Alexander Pushkin's wife, and killed Pushkin in a duel. Auguste-César West (1810–1880), prefect of Haut-Rhin from 1848 to 1850 then prefect of Bas-Rhin until 1855 and of Haute-Garonne until 1859. Bernard Genghini, footballer, born in 1958 in Soultz Pierre Villon (1901–1980), whose real name was Pierre Ginsburger, was a French political figure who took part in the Resistance. Katia Krafft, volcanologist, born in 1942 in Soultz. Wife of the volcanologist Maurice Krafft. Both of them were carried off in 1991 by a pyroclastical flow on the sides of the Mount Unzen (Japan).
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