Timeline of Shanghai

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Shanghai.

Prior to 1800

5th-7th century CE - Fishing village develops where Suzhou Creek enters the Huangpu River. 751 CE - Area becomes part of Huating county. 976 CE - Longhua Temple rebuilt. 12th century - Market town develops. 1216 - Jing'an Temple built. 1292 - Town becomes county seat. 1294 - Wen Miao (temple) active. 1554 - City walls constructed. 1732 - Customs office relocated to Shanghai from Songjiang. 1780 - Yu Garden opens. 1789 - Guyi Garden becomes communal property.


1842 19 June: Shanghai taken by British forces. Shanghai opens to foreigners per Treaty of Nanking. 1845 David Sassoon & Sons in business. British settlement established on outskirts of Old City. 1846 - Richards' Hotel and Restaurant in business. 1849 - French Concession granted. 1850 North-China Herald newspaper begins publication. Collège Saint Ignace founded. 1851 - Jardine, Matheson & Co. branch built. 1853 Small Swords Society occupies Old City. April: Shanghai Volunteer Corps organized. 1854 Imperial Maritime Custom Offices installed. Shanghai Municipal Council formed by westerners. 1855 - Shanghai Race Club founded. 1856 - Wills' Bridge constructed. 1857 - Royal Asiatic Society North-China Branch established. 1859 - Astor House Hotel in business. 1860 August: Taiping rebels unsuccessfully attempt to take city. New Northern Gate built into city wall. 1861 Battle of Shanghai (1861). Correspondent's Club formed by British residents. 1862 American settlement established. Saint Joseph's Church consecrated. 1863 - Hongkou becomes part of American Concession. 1865 Kiangnan Arsenal and Long Men College established. Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation branch opens. Gas lighting introduced. 1866 - Butterfield & Swire in business. 1868 - Musee de Zikawei founded. 1869 - Holy Trinity Church dedicated. 1871 - August: Typhoon. 1872 - Shen Bao newspaper begins publication. 1874 Rickshaws introduced. Natural history museum established by Royal Asiatic Society North-China Branch. 1876 - Woosung Railway begins operating. 1881 - Population: 302,767. 1882 Jade Buddha Temple founded. Electricity introduced. 1884 - Dianshizhai-huabao (magazine) begins publication. 1889 - Ostasiatischer Lloyd newspaper begins publication. 1895 - Population: 411,753. 1896 - Nanyang Public School and Consulate-General of Russia in Shanghai established. 1897 - 22 June: British nationals conduct jubilee events. 1898 Songhu Railway begins operating. Bubbling Well cemetery established.



1901 - Hardoon & Company in business. 1905 - Kiangnan Shipyard and Fudan College established. 1907 - Waibaidu Bridge constructed. 1908 Nanjing-Shanghai Railway, Shanghai South railway station, Palace Hotel, and New Stage built. Electric tram begins operating. Art exhibit held in Shanghai Mutual Telephone Company building. Hongkou cinema opens. 1909 Shanghai railway station and Shanghai Industrial College established. Shanghai–Hangzhou Railway begins operating. New gates built into city wall.


1910 St. Ignatius Cathedral and Shanghai Club Building constructed. Shanghai Oil Painting Institute, and Eastern City Women's Art School founded. 1912 - Old City walls dismantled. 1913 - Shanghai Art School, Women's Art and Embroidery Institute, and Xinmin Theater Research Society founded. 1914 - Trolleybus begins operating along Fokein Road. 1916 - Asia Building and Union Building constructed on The Bund. 1917 Millard's Review of the Far East begins publication. Sincere Department Store branch in business.


1920 - Shanghai Mint established. 1921 July: Communist Party of China founded during meeting in Xintiandi. Mingxing Film Company founded. 1923 Hongqiao Airport in operation. Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation building constructed. 1924 - General Post Office Building and North China Daily News Building constructed. 1925 30 May: Protest quashed; May Thirtieth Movement launched. Shanghai East Library opens. Tianyi Film Company in business. Institute of Chartered Accountants organized. 1927 Shanghai Commune of 1927 active. 12 April: Shanghai massacre of 1927. 7 July: Huang Fu becomes mayor. Shanghai Conservatory of Music founded. Customs House, Zhapu Road Bridge, and Ohel Moishe Synagogue built. City becomes a special municipality. 1928 - Fahua District becomes part of city. 1929 Chang Ch'ün becomes mayor. Shanghai Stock Exchange formed. Xinmin Po and Shanghai Evening Post & Mercury newspapers begin publication. Sassoon House built.


1930 - Nanking Theatre founded. 1932 January 28 Incident January: Wu Tiecheng becomes mayor. Grand Theatre rebuilt. 1933 - Paramount Ballroom opens. 1934 - Shanghai Joint Savings Society Building constructed. 1935 EWO Brewery Ltd. in business. Sheshan Basilica and Broadway Mansions built. 1937 April: Yu Hung-Chun becomes mayor. 13 August - 26 November: Battle of Shanghai; Japanese occupation begins. 26 October - 1 November: Defense of Sihang Warehouse. Bank of China Building constructed. 1938 - Wen Hui Bao newspaper begins publication. 1939 - Shanghai Jewish Chronicle begins publication.


1940 - November: Chen Gongbo becomes mayor. 1943 - British and American concessions end. 1944 - December: Zhou Fohai becomes mayor. 1945 Japanese occupation ends. August: K. C. Wu becomes mayor. City divided into 30 administrative districts. Shanghai Theatre Academy established. 1946 - French concession ends. 1949 Rao Shushi becomes Shanghai Party Committee Secretary. May: Chen Yi becomes mayor. May–June: Shanghai Campaign. Jiefang Daily newspaper begins publication. Shanghai Film Studio founded.


1950 Chen Yi becomes Party Committee Secretary. Shanghai Women's Federation founded. 1951 - Shanghai Shenhua Football Club formed. 1952 - Shanghai Museum, Shanghai Banking School, and Shanghai Chinese Orchestra founded. 1953 - Population: 6,204,417. 1954 Ke Qingshi becomes Party Committee Secretary. Shanghai Zoo and Shanghai Teachers Training College established. Jing'an Park developed. 1955 Shanghai Exhibition Centre completed Hongkou Stadium opens. Shanghai Internal Combustion Engine Components Company in business. 1956 - Shanghai Natural History Museum established. 1958 Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences founded. Ke Qingshi becomes mayor. Baoshan, Fengxian, Jiadang, Jinshan, Qingpu, Songjiang districts and Chongming County become part of city. 1959 - Drunken Bai Garden opens.


1960 - Shanghai Institute of Foreign Languages established. 1961 - Yu Garden opens. 1964 - Population: 10,816,500. 1965 Chen Pixian becomes CPC Party chief. Cao Diqiu becomes mayor. Cucumber Lane renovated. 1966 - Cultural Revolution begins. 1967 Shanghai People's Commune active. Zhang Chunqiao becomes mayor.


1970 One Strike-Three Anti Campaign. Population: 10,820,000. 1971 - Zhang Chunqiao becomes Party Committee Secretary. 1972 - Richard Nixon visits city. 1974 - Shanghai Botanical Garden established. 1976 - Su Zhenhua becomes Party Committee Secretary. 1978 - Shanghai Translation Publishing House founded. 1979 Peng Chong becomes Party Committee Secretary. Sister city relationship established with San Francisco, USA.


1980 Shanghai Bar Association founded. Chen Guodong becomes Party Committee Secretary. 1981 - Wang Daohan becomes mayor. 1982 - Population: 6,292,960 city; 11,859,700 (urban agglomeration). 1983 - Shanghai History & Cultural Relics Showroom opens. 1984 - Shanghai University of Political Science and Law founded. 1985 Rui Xingwen becomes Party Committee Secretary. Jiang Zemin becomes mayor. Shanghai Daoist Association established. Wenhui Book Review begins publication. 1987 - Jiang Zemin becomes Party Committee Secretary. 1988 Zhu Rongji becomes mayor. Jin Jiang Tower built. 1989 Protests. Zhu Rongji becomes Party Committee Secretary.


1990 - Population: 13,341,900. 1991 Nanpu Bridge and Yangpu Bridge open. Wu Bangguo becomes Party Committee Secretary. Huang Ju becomes mayor. 1992 - Shanghai Star newspaper begins publication. 1993 Pudong Special Economic Zone established. Shanghai Metro begins operation. Shanghai International Film Festival begins. 1994 Huang Ju becomes Party Committee Secretary. Oriental Pearl Tower constructed in Lujiazui. Australian Chamber of Commerce Shanghai established. 1995 Xu Kuangdi becomes mayor. Dajing Ge Pavilion museum opens (approximate date). 1996 Shanghai Library building opens. Shanghai Biennale art exhibit begins. Yan'an Elevated Road and King Tower built. Canadian Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai established. 1997 - Xupu Bridge opens. 1998 Shanghai Grand Theatre opens. Jin Mao Tower, Shanghai Sen Mao International Building, Shanghai Futures Building, and Lippo Plaza built. 1999 Shanghai Pudong International Airport begins operating. Shanghai Century Publishing Group established. Shanghai Daily newspaper begins publication. Shanghai public transport card launched. 2000 International Ocean Shipping Building, World Finance Tower, and Bank of China Tower constructed. Fireworks Festival begins. Population: 16,407,700.

21st century


2001 Chen Liangyu becomes mayor. Plaza 66 and Pudong International Information Port built. Shanghai Film Group Corporation in business. Benelux Business Association established. 2002 Chen Liangyu becomes Party Committee Secretary. Shanghai Ocean Aquarium and Super Brand Mall open. Shanghai Fashion Week begins. Shanghai Golden Eagles baseball team formed. 2003 Han Zheng becomes mayor. Lupu Bridge opens. Tomorrow Square, Shanghai Dong Hai Plaza, Aurora Plaza, and Raffles Square built. Nanhui New City construction begins. 2004 Shanghai Maglev Train begins operating. Shanghai Railway Museum and Shanghai International Circuit open. Chinese Grand Prix begins. 2005 Shanghai Institute of Visual Art and Shanghai City Symphonic Orchestra established. Donghai Bridge, Shimao International Plaza, Grand Gateway Shanghai, Longemont Shanghai, Citigroup Tower, and Bank of Shanghai Headquarters built. Shanghai Oriental Art Center and Qi Zhong Stadium inaugurated. 2006 Han Zheng becomes Party Committee Secretary. Shanghai pension scandal. Island6 Art Center opens. Chenghuang Miao (temple) restored. PLA Unit 61398 active (approximate date). 2007 Xi Jinping becomes Party Committee Secretary, succeeded by Yu Zhengsheng. Oasis Skyway Garden Hotel built. 2008 - Shanghai World Financial Center, One Lujiazui, and Zhongrong Jasper Tower built. 2009 Shanghai Pride begins. Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel and Bridge and Happy Valley (amusement park) open. Shanghai Masters tennis tournament held.


2010 Expo 2010 Shanghai China (world expo) held. Shanghai Arena opens. Minpu Bridge and Shanghai Wheelock Square built. 15 November: Fire on Jiaozhou Road, Jing'an District. Population: 23,019,148. 2011 Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway begins operating. Huamin King Tower built. 2012 November: Han Zheng becomes Party Committee Secretary. December: Yang Xiong becomes mayor. Power Station of Art opens. Turkish Chamber of Commerce established. 2014 31 December: 2014 Shanghai stampede 2016 June 16: Shanghai Disneyland Park opened. 2017 26 April : Shanghai Tower officially opened its sightseeing deck to the public. 10 June: Protest against changes to housing regulations by the municipal authorities on Nanjing Road
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