Tsumagoi (嬬恋村, Tsumagoi-mura) is a village located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 September 2020, the village had an estimated population of 9,546 in 3999 households, and a population density of 28 persons per km². The total area of the village is 337.51 square kilometres (130.31 sq mi).
Tsumagoi is situated on the northwestern corner of Gunma Prefecture, touching Nagano Prefecture to the north, south, and west. Because of its elevated location and the ash deposits of Mount Asama, Tsumagoi is well known for growing cabbages. Parts of the village are within the borders of then Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park.
Mountains: Mount Asama (2568m), Mount Motoshirane (2171m), Mount Kusatsu-Shirane (2160m), Mount Azumaya (2354m)
Rivers: Agatsuma River
Lakes: Lake Baragi, Lake Tashiro
Tsumagoi has a Humid continental climate (Köppen DBf) characterized by warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall, due to the high elevation. Winters are cold, with a January 24-hour average temperature of −4.6 °C (23.7 °F), while summers are warm and wet, with a July 24-hour average temperature of 19.5 °C (67.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1345 mm with September as the wettest month.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Tsumagoi has remained relatively steady over the past 50 years.
Numerous Jōmon period remains have been found in Tsumagoi, although later Yayoi period artifacts are almost non-existent, as the area is not suitable for rice cultivation. During the Edo period, the area around Tsumagoi was part of the hatamoto-administered territory within Kōzuke Province.
With the creation of the modern municipalities system after the Meiji Restoration on April 1, 1889, the village of Tsumagoi was created within Agatsuma District of Gunma Prefecture.
Tsumagoi has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral village council of 12 members. Tsumagoi collectively with the other municipalities in Agatsuma District, contributes two members to the Gunma Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the village is part of Gunma 5th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
The economy of Tsumagoi is primarily agricultural, with cabbage forming the most noted local crop. Seasonal tourism primarily in connection with its onsen hot spring resorts and ski resorts are also major contributors to the local economy.
Tsumagoi has two public elementary schools and one public middle school operated by the town government, and one public high schools operated by the Gunma Prefectural Board of Education.
Senior high schools
Tsumagoi High School
Junior high schools
Tsumagoi Junior High School
Higashi Elementary School
Nishi Elementary School
JR East – Agatsuma Line
Fukurogura - Manza-Kazawaguchi - Ōmae
National Route 144
National Route 146
National Route 292
National Route 406
The main draw of tourists to Tsumagoi are the onsen (natural hot spring) resorts, some of which are also associated with ski resorts. There are two major hot spring resort areas within the town.
Manza Onsen and ski resort
Kazawa Onsen and ski resort
Noted people from Tsumagoi
Akira Kuroiwa, Olympic gold medalist speed skater
Toshiyuki Kuroiwa, Okympic silver medalist speed skater
Masato Kobayashi, professional baseball player