Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Przemyśl–Warsaw

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Location
49°46'50"N
022°46'13"E
Country
 Poland
Categories
  • Sacral
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Description

The Ukrainian (Greek) Catholic Archeparchy of Przemyśl–Warsaw (Latin: Archidioecesis Premisliensis–Varsaviensis ritus byzantini ucraini, Ukrainian: Перемишльсько-Варшавська архієпархія УГКЦ) is an archeparchy (Eastern Catholic archbishopric) of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church sui iuris (Byzantine Rite in Ukrainian language) in Poland, depending on the Roman Congregation for the Oriental Churches. Its cathedral archiepiscopal see is the Ukrainian Catholic Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, in the city of Przemyśl. Although national capital Warsaw was added to its title, there is no co-cathedral. Both former cathedrals (now Orthodox churches) are elsewhere in Podkarpackie Voivodeship: Former Ukrainian Catholic Pentecost Church in Sanok, now the Holy Trinity Orthodox Cathedral, Sanok, Supraśl Orthodox Monastery of the Annunciation, in Supraśl.

Ecclesiastical province

The Metropolitan has two Suffragan Eparchies: Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Olsztyn–Gdańsk Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Wrocław-Koszalin

Statistics

As per 2014, it pastorally served 30,000 Eastern Catholics in 69 parishes and 2 missions with 44 priests (33 diocesan, 11 religious), 4 deacons, 96 lay religious (14 brothers, 82 sisters), 7 seminarians.

History

In 1087 the Eparchy of Przemyśl was established in the Principality of Peremyshl as Eastern Orthodox eparchy. The town initially did not adhere to the Union of Brest (1595–96) thus having for a short period two bishops. In 1679, Innocenty Winnicki became the Orthodox bishop and on 23 June 1691 Innocenty publicly accepted the Union for himself and for his eparchy, and he remained the only bishop of the town after that the Greek Catholic bishop Ivan Malaxovskyj on the same year moved to Chełm. Innokentiy Vynnyckyj was succeeded in 1700 by his brother by Yurij Vynnyckyj who later became Metropolitan of Kyiv and Galicia.On 10 February 1934, it lost territory to establish the Apostolic Administration of Łemkowszczyzna In 1946, Bishop Josaphat Kotsylovsky was arrested and extradited to the USSR, where he died in prison. In Poland, where the city of Przemysl and a majority of the eparchy was located (a portion was in the Ukrainian SSR), all priests were arrested and given sentences of between four and ten years. One hundred Ukrainian Greek Catholic priests remained in Poland. After their release, they kept a low profile, serving in the Latin rite Church, many as convent chaplains. Sixteen worked giving pastoral care to Ukrainian Catholics at pastoral centres. In 1977, the Roman Catholic Primate of Poland's Vicar-General for Ukrainian Greek Catholics was also named Dean of the Przemysl Eparchy by the Vatican. Cardinal Josyf Slipyj objected to this action as contrary to his prerogatives and appointed the same priest Administrator of the eparchy. In 1981, a second Vicar-General to the Primate was appointed for Ukrainian Greek Catholics in Poland outside of the traditional boundaries of the Przemysl Eparchy.On 16 January 1991, it gained back the territory from the suppressed daughter Apostolic Exarchate of Łemkowszczyzna (above, promoted in 1941, de facto defunct since 1947). On 24 May 1996, the eparchy was promoted to Metropolitan Archdiocese of Przemyśl–Warszawa (Polish) / Przemysl–Warsaw (English) / Przemyśl–Varsavia (Curiate Italian) / Premislien(sis)–Varsavien(sis) ritus byzantini ucraini (Latin adjective). It enjoyed a Papal visit from the Polish Pope John Paul II in June 1999. On 25 November 2020 it lost the territory along with the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Wrocław–Koszalin to establish the new Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Olsztyn–Gdańsk.

Episcopal ordinaries

(all Ukrainian rite) Eparchs (Bishops) of Przemyśl (Ukrainian Rite)Innokentiy Vynnyckyj (1679–1700), adhered to the Union of Brest in 1691 Yurij Vynnyckyj (later Metropolitan of Kiev) (1700–1713) Lev Kiszka (later Metropolitan of Kiev) (1713–1715) Jeronim Ustryckyj (1715–1746) Onufrij Sumljanskyj (1746–1762) Atanasij Sheptytskyj (1762–1779) Maksymilian Rylo, Administrator (1780–1785) Maksymilian Rylo (1785–1793) Petro Bilyanskyi, Administrator (1793–1796) Antin Anhelovych (later Metropolitan of Lviv) (1796–1808.03.16) Mihail Lewicki (later Cardinal) (1813.09.20 – 1816.03.08) Ivan Snihurskyi (1818.03.30 – 1847.08.24) Hryhoriy Yakhymovych (later Metropolitan of Lviv) (1848.09.05 – 1860.03.23) Toma Polyanskyi (1860.03.23 – 1867.10.01) Joseph Sembratovych, Ap. Administrator (1867.10.01 – 1872.09.08) Tit. Archbishop Ivan Stupnytskyi (1872.09.08 – 1890.12.22) Julian Sas-Kuilovsky, Ap. Administrator (1890.12. – 1891.09.22) ?= Auxiliary Bishop: Bishop Julian Kuiłovskyi (later Archbishop) (1890.06.26 – 1891.09.22) Yulian Pelesh (1891.09.22 – 1896.04.22) Konstantyn Chekhovych (1896.11.17 – 1915.04.28) Blessed Josaphat Joseph Kotsylovsky, O.S.B.M. (1917.01.29 – 1947.11.17) Auxiliary Bishop: Blessed Bishop Hryhoriy Lakota (1926.02.10 – 1950.11.12) See vacant (1947.11.17 – 1977.04.02) Ivan Choma (1977.04.02 – 1991.06.16) (in exile, residence in Rome) Jan Martyniak (1991.01.16 – 1996.05.24 see below), succeeding as previous Titular Bishop of Vardimissa (1989.07.20 – 1991.01.16) and Auxiliary Bishop of Przemyśl of the Ukrainians (1989.07.20 – 1991.01.16)Metropolitan Archeparchs (Archbishops) of Przemyśl–Warsaw Jan Martyniak (see above 1996.05.24 – 2015.11.07) Eugeniusz Popowicz (2015.11.07 – ...), succeeding as former Titular Bishop of Horrea Cœlia (2013.11.04 – 2015.11.07) and Auxiliary Bishop of Przemyśl–Warszawa of the Ukrainians (2013.11.04 – 2015.11.07).
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