Ustrzyki Dolne pronounced ['usˈtʂɨkʲi ˈdɔlnɛ] (Yiddish: Istrik, Ukrainian: Устри́ки-Долі́шні "Ustrýky-Dolíshni") is a town in south-eastern Poland, situated in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship (since 1999) close to the border with Ukraine. It is the capital of Bieszczady County, with 9,383 inhabitants (02.06.2009).In existence since the 15th century, Ustrzyki received its city charter around 1727. During the First Partition of Poland, in 1772 it became part of the Habsburg Monarchy where it remained until 1918. After the defeat of Austria-Hungary Ustrzyki became part of the newly independent Poland. Major growth of the Ustrzyki economy began in the 19 century when a railway connection to Przemyśl and Sanok was built in 1872, and the exploitation of local oil fields began. Temporarily in the USSR after the Vistula–Oder Offensive in 1944–45, it became part of postwar Poland following the 1951 Polish-Soviet territorial exchange.The word Dolne means Lower. There exists a village Ustrzyki Górne - Upper.
Timeline of history
1497 Foundation of Ustrzyki Dolne as a royal village in the district Przemyśl
1723 Old town is built. First Jews appear in the town
1772 Ustrzyki Dolne together with Galicia becomes part of the Austrian Empire
1800 - 1850 Ustrzyki Dolne is part of the district Sanok (Königreich Galizien)
1850–1918 Ustrzyki Dolne is part of the district Lisko
During World War I, Ustrzyki Dolne was occupied during six months by the Russian army and in 1918 during two months by Ukrainian troops.
1919 - 1939 Ustrzyki Dolne is part of the Lwów Voivodeship
1939 September Occupation by German troops. 100 Jews are killed.
1939–1941 Soviet annexation. Part of Drohobych Oblast
1941–1944 German occupation. Jewish population is killed in the town or deported to Belzec where they are immediately gassed. Probably only ten or fewer of Ustrzyki Dolne's prewar Jewish population survived the war.
1944–1951 Soviet administration. Part of Drohobych Oblast
1951–1974 As part of a land swap with the Soviet Union, Ustrzyki Dolne becomes Polish again and is part of the province Rzeszów.
1974–1998 Ustrzyki Dolne becomes part of Krosno Voivodeship.
1998 - Ustrzyki Dolne becomes part of Subcarpathian Voivodeship (capital Rzeszów)