Vila Velha de Ródão (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈvilɐ ˈvɛʎɐ ðɨ ˈʁɔðɐ̃w] (listen)) is a municipality in the district of Castelo Branco in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 3,521, in an area of 329.91 km².The present mayor is Maria Carmo Sequeira, elected by the Socialist Party. The municipal holiday is the Monday after the 4th Sunday of August.
In 1762, it was the site of the Battle of Vila Velha.
On 5 November 2007, a road accident on A23 killed 15 people and injured 22.
Administratively, the municipality is divided into 4 civil parishes (freguesias):
Sarnadas de Ródão
Vila Velha de Ródão
In October of 2020, Vila Velha de Ródão hosted the final two rounds of the UIM F2 World Championship. The series was won by Portuguese driver Duarte Benavente.