Zolotyi Potik

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Location
48°54'27"N
025°20'17"E
Country
 Ukraine
Categories
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Description

Zolotyi Potik (Ukrainian: Золотий Потік, romanized: Zolotyy Potik; Polish: Potok Złoty or Potok; Russian: Золотой Поток, romanized: Zolotoy Potok; Yiddish: פּאָטיק‎, romanized: Potik; Hebrew: פוטוק זלוטי‎, romanized: Potok Zloti) is an urban-type settlement in the Buchach Raion (district) of Ternopil Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. Its population is 2,395 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census.

History

The settlement "Zahaipole" (Ukrainian: Загайполе, Polish: Zahajpol) was founded in 1388. In 1570, it was re-established under the ownership of the House of Potocki as "Potok" (Ukrainian: Potik) - the name connected with the family's surname. Potok was first mentioned in written sources in the late 16th century, as part of the territory ceded by Sigismund I the Old to Sigismund II Augustus. In 1601, it was granted Magdeburg rights and renamed "Potok Złoty" (Ukrainian: Zolotyi Potik, "Golden Brook"). When Stefan Potocki established Potok Złoty, he modified his coat of arms by changing the silver cross to gold - in this way, the Piława Potocki line evolved into two branches: silver and golden. He and his wife, Maria Mohylanka, founded a church and convent of St. Stefan in the town. Jakub Potocki and Stefan Potocki are both buried there. In 1676, the invading Turkish-Tartar army destroyed the local castle. After the first partition of Poland in 1772, the town was controlled by the Holy Roman Empire (until 1804), the Austrian Empire (until 1867), Austria-Hungary (until 1919), Poland (until 1939), and finally the USSR (until 1991). In 1984, Zolotyi Potik was granted the status of an urban-type settlement.During the German occupation, its Jewish inhabitants, comprising around one-third of the total population, were mostly expelled to Buchach and then transported to the Bełżec extermination camp or shot.

Landmarks and points of interest

Ruins of the late Renaissance castle built by Stefan Potocki, Church of the Holy Trinity Chapel of Our Mother of God of Zarvanytsia Belfry Mission cross to the 100th anniversary of the Church of Holy Trinity Symbolic grave of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen (restored in 1991).
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